Resources to Prepare, Respond and Recover

Prepare, Respond and Recover; Resources for School Safety

For-Profit Resources

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

  • The Alice Training Institute (Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate) offers training based on a set of proactive strategies aimed at increasing chances of survival during an armed intruder event. ALICE has been adopted by more than 900 organizations in the United States, including schools, universities, businesses, hospitals and places of worship. https://www.alicetraining.com/
  • Awareity emphasizes a prevention approach that focuses on awareness of surroundings and situations, and accountability at the individual level for reporting and following procedures. It includes resources dedicated to student safety and equipping schools with the tools needed to prevent incidents such as bullying, peer-to-peer violence and suicide. https://www.awareity.com/
    (See "Anonymous Reporting and Prevention Platform Helps Stop Trouble Before It Starts” in Success Stories)
  • Bark is a parental software tool powered by advanced technology that proactively alerts parents to common dangers, including cyberbullying, sexting, Internet predators, depression and suicidal thoughts, then provides expert recommendations on how to address these issues. Bark partners with schools to help spread the word about this online safety solution to parents, and the company provides an ongoing 25 percent revenue share of family membership fees generated by a school's efforts. Find out more at www.bark.net
  • ClassGuard™ Privacy Screens are a UL-listed pull down shade that blocks all light and vision into a room.  Add this to existing wood or steel door or sidelights in minutes without tools.  Include ClassGuard as part of your emergency-preparedness program for sheltering-in-place, without compromising the fire-listing on the door.  For more information: www.class-guard.com
  • Classroom Killers? Hallway Hostages?, written by school safety and crisis preparedness expert Ken Trump, dispels the myths, misconceptions and hype surrounding the lessons learned from national school violence crises and shifting security threat trends. http://www.schoolsecurity.org/crisis-book.html
  • eCamSecure is an integrated security solutions organization offering a variety of surveillance and access control products and services. Implementing policies, such as controlling building access during school hours and installing security cameras, can help make school campuses safer for students and faculty. https://www.ecamsecure.com
  • Direct Action Resource Center offers a tactical emergency medical training program. http://www.darc1.com
  • e-Copp is an Internet safety education program that involves schools, local law enforcement, parents, children and the community in promoting safe use of the Internet and online resources. Visit www.e-Copp.com
  • Drugrehab.com has a resource page that discusses the relationship between bullying and drug use. It discusses bullying, drug usage and how they are correlated. https://www.drugrehab.com/guides/bullying/
  • e-Copp is an Internet safety education program that involves schools, local law enforcement, parents, children and the community in promoting safe use of the Internet and online resources. Visit www.e-Copp.com
  • Firearms Training Systems, Inc. (FATS) Simulator includes school shooter scenarios.https://meggitttrainingsystems.com/
  • The Handbook for Campus Threat Assessment & Management Teams, provides resources to help colleges and universities develop the structure, scope, functions, and day-to-day operations of these teams that identify and monitor students who may intervention due to their behaviors. http://www.sigmatma.com/k-12-schools/books/
  • HelpSticker offers custom children identification sticker solutions used by elementary school staff to mitigate risk and better organize activities in early education. Specifically designed for apparel, water and sweat-resistant Help Stickers stay stuck and don’t fall off prematurely on activities, halls, or field trips. They are washable, dryer safe and repositionable with limited reusability. www.helpsticker.com
  • Hide-Away™ Safe Rooms are folding, rapidly deployable shelters that can provide sanctuary for a teacher and up to 25 students. Built to withstand F5 tornadoes and military-grade weapons, these collapsible units fold down to 17 inches in depth and can be installed behind a whiteboard. http://stayinghome.com/products/hide-away-safe-room/
  • HowToTechh has an info-graphic that is based on kids' online safety. It describes the threats that are on the Internet while kids are online. It also lists precautionary steps that parents can take to keep their children safe. These include steps such as making them use kid friendly web browsers and implementing some important WI-Fi and social network rules. https://howtotechh.com/kids-esafety/
  • Ident-A-Kid has provided child identification and visitor management solutions to schools across the nation for over 30 years. Ident-A-Kid’s Visitor Management system will track all visitor, volunteer, staff and student activity at your school and district. Our software will scan all visitors against the National Sexual Offender Registry, as well as your custom banned/custody issue (NoGo) list, to secure your campus from visitors who do not need access to your students and faculty. https://identakid.com/
  • Pearson-Radli Training Programs include school crisis situations, negotiations, hostage survival and crisis intervention training. http://www.pearson-radli.com/training-programs.htm
  • Rave MobileSafety produces a panic button app that allows silent communication.
    (See "Panic Button App Allows Silent Communication” in Success Stories)
  • Report Exec is a software suite that takes care of incident reports, mass notification, visitor management, bullying reports and more. As users complete activities within the system, they generate valuable data to build an informed security strategy. In-depth analysis features harness this data to pinpoint weaknesses, identify at-risk individuals and spot trends in activity.
  • Report It The Report It mobile app provides a single contact point to anonymously provide suspicious activity reports to school authorities and law enforcement agencies based on geo-location and nature of incident data. www.reportit.com
  • Rescue Training Associates offers a tactical emergency medical training program. http://www.rescuetrain.com/
  • SafeKids.com provides information and resources on digital citizenship, safety and civility. Visit http://www.safekids.com/
  • SaferWatch is a mobile application that connects staff, students, teachers, parents and law enforcement during emergency and non-emergency situations. Users can report incidents via text, audio, video, pictures and GPS location. Key features include live streaming video, safety check-ins and anonymous tips, which allow users to Send Something when they See Something. http://www.saferwatchapp.com/
  • Safe Sports Zone offers in-person training related to sports event and spectator safety for a fee; you can also find free online training on its website at http://safesportzone.telspanexam.com/.
    (See "Free Online Training Promotes Safe Sports Events” in Success Stories.)
  • Shelter Shutters are folding vinyl magnetic vision panel covers designed for school doors. They are made from super light weight corrugated vinyl. Shelter Shutters have a magnetic closure system that makes them light proof and extremely easy to operate. http://sheltershutters.com/
  • Special Tactical Services provides rapid deployment/active shooter tactics training for patrol officers, basic SWAT and hostage rescue training. http://www.spectacserv.com/
  • STOPit is a smartphone/tablet application that allows students to anonymously report cyberbullying and other incidents of concerns to school administrators and/or other trusted adults. https://stopitcyberbully.com/ (See "App Uses "Peer Power” to Stop Cyberbullying” in Success Stories)
  • Vision Logic, is the only security platform with a comprehensive suite of video, sound and air analytics that has unique, real-time security solutions that significantly improve situational awareness, with immediate response to security events through automated event detection and alerts. www.Vision-Logic.com


  • University of Missouri – Columbia – Law Enforcement Training offers training related to school safety. http://leti.missouri.edu/seminars.aspx
  • The University of Southern Mississippi hosts the National Center for Sports Spectator Safety and Security offers training, professional development opportunities and academic programs for sport venue managers, event managers, first responders and other key stakeholders. The Certified Sport Venue Staff (CSVS) certification was designed for front line staff critical to the safety and security of sports and special events, and for individuals seeking CSVS certification prior to employment. Visit http://www.ncs4.com/

Nonprofit Organizations

  • Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) training, offered through the National Association of School Resource Officers, provides instruction on using design, management and activity strategies to reduce opportunities for crime to occur, to reduce fear and to improve overall safety of schools. The CPTED concept emphasizes the relationship of the physical environment, the productive use of space and the behavior of people. The course includes a hands-on CPTED evaluation of a school and attendees receive tools to use on their school campus. https://www.nasro.org/content/school-cpted-practitioner-certification
    (See "In-depth School Safety Audits” in Success Stories)
  • The Cyberbullying Research Center includes presentations for use by staff and students, information on bullying and sexting laws, and resources based on age group.
  • Educator School Safety Network helps keep schools safe by providing training, services and resources to educators, administrators, school-based law enforcement emergency responders and other stakeholders.
  • Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility: Visit the site at http://responsibility.org
  • InpatientDrugRehab.org has a page on dealing with cyberbullying and substance abuse available at https://www.inpatientdrugrehab.org/cyberbullying-substance-abuse/
  • The Koshka Foundation for Safe Schools, a nonprofit dedicated to improving campus safety, empowering student activism and forging connections between survivors and various causes, was founded by Virginia Tech survivor Kristina Anderson. The Koshka Foundation also partners with law enforcement, in particular campus law enforcement, to provide educational presentations on surviving an active shooter from a survivor's perspective, and best practices in incorporating lessons learned. Visit at http://koshkafoundation.org/.
  • Lock, Don’t Block is a nonprofit organization that promotes the use of classroom security locks rather than barricade devices. See https://lockdontblock.org/
  • National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians (NAEMT) offers a number of continuing education courses, including training specific to the needs of law enforcement officers. http://www.naemt.org/education/naemt-tccc
    (See "Course Teaches Officers How to Administer Aid, Improve Survival” in Success Stories)
  • National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC) is a source of information on crime prevention. Several educational materials deal with school safety and related issues. http://www.ncpc.org
    (See "McGruff Turns to Technology" in Success Stories)
  • National School Safety Center (NSSC) provides training, technical assistance and school safety site assessments, and targets both law enforcement professionals and educators. http://www.School Safety.us/
  • National White Collar Crime Center, using U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance funding, offers a number of trainings, including training related to school safety.
    (See "NW3C Helps SROs Find a Place in ‘Communities’ ” in Success Stories)
  • Not In Our Town is a movement to stop hate, address bullying and build safe, inclusive communities. The NIOT website contains information on how to start a campaign and resources on diversity, inclusion, hazing and mental health.
  • Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium (RDPC) provides training and resources for emergency first responders with an emphasis on rural areas. RDPC offers AWR 148 Crisis Management for School-based Incidents: Partnering Rural Law Enforcement and Local School Systems at http://www.ruraltraining.org/courses/awr-148.
    (See "Finding Ways to Maximize Limited Resources” in Success Stories)
  • Safe and Sound Schools. founded by parents who lost children at Sandy Hook Elementary in Newtown, Conn., in December 2012, supports school crisis prevention, response, and recovery by providing research-based education, tools and resources to ensure the safest possible learning environment for the youth of our nation. Visit http://safeandsoundschools.org/
  • Safe Havens International is committed to helping schools and school systems improve crisis preparedness and campus safety, working with schools on national and international levels in planning, coordinating and evaluating a wide range of school crisis simulations. http://www.safehavensinternational.org/
  • Safe Routes to School National Partnership is a network of more than 600 nonprofit organizations, government agencies, schools and professionals working together to advance the Safe Routes to School movement in the United States.
  • Shred Hate is a multi-faceted bullying prevention program from ESPN, Major League Baseball and X Games that seeks to eliminate bullying by encouraging kids to choose kindness. As part of the program, No Bully, a San Francisco-based nonprofit, trains and gives schools the tools to activate student compassion as a method for eradicating bullying and cyberbullying; provides innovative, anti-bullying curriculum; and works directly with local school districts and cooperating schools. Visit https://www.mlb.com/mlb-community/shred-hate
  • The Tyler Clementi Foundation, formed after Tyler's death following an act of cyberbullying and humiliation, provides related resources. 

Free Resource Materials

  • 015 Campus Safety Survey Key Findings Report presents the results of an anonymous online survey conducted by the National Center for Campus Public Safety in spring 2015. It assesses the current state of campus public safety and confirms findings from the field and information found in other recently released reports. Download the PDF at http://www.margolishealy.com/files/resources/2015MargolisHealy_CampusSafetySurvey_1.pdf
  • A Comparison of Averted and Completed Attacks from the Police Foundation Averted School Violence Database compares 51 completed with 51 averted incidents of school violence from the ASV database and analyzes both sets. It includes findings on the demographics of individuals who plan attacks, victims’ demographics in completed attacks, and community characteristics; it also provides important recommendations to minimize school violence and improve student and school safety. Download the report at https://ric-zai-inc.com/ric.php?page=detail&id=COPS-W0870
  • A Comprehensive Report on School Safety Technology, prepared by Johns Hopkins University with funding from the National Institute of Justice, by Johns Hopkins University, presents a detailed picture of existing school safety technology at a particular point in time. The report examines the technologies currently being used, how they are used and how those technologies were chosen. Read more at https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/250274.pdf.
  • A Comprehensive Technical Package for the Prevention of Youth Violence and Associated Risk Behaviors, produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, uses evidence-based strategies to help prevent or reduce public health problems, particularly youth violence, among 10- to 24-year olds, and supports the CDC's STRYVE (Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere) Initiative for preventing youth violence. Download it from https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/yv-technicalpackage.pdf
  • A National Conversation on Police and Community Interactions: Findings of a Forum of College and University Student Leaders and Chiefs of Police reports on a two-day August 2016 forum that involved in-depth discussions between student leaders and their police chiefs/campus safety executives representing 20 colleges and universities. The event identified gaps in perception between students and public safety at institutions of higher education and helped build a framework to help the campus community bridge those gaps. Download the report at http://www.nccpsafety.org/assets/files/library/Police_and_Community_Interactions_HBCU.pdf
  • A National Conversation on Police and Community Interactions on HBCU Campuses reports on the results of a two-day emerging issues forum that involved in-depth discussions between student leaders and their police chiefs/safety directors. Available at http://www.nccpsafety.org/assets/files/library/Police_and_Community_Interactions_HBCU.pdf,  it includes an overview of participants' discussions regarding gaps in perception between students and public safety officials, and identifies recommendations to assist in bridging those gaps.
  • A Preliminary Report on the Police Foundation’s Averted School Violence Database analyzes 51 averted incidents of school violence selected from the ASV database to begin to improve understanding of averted school attacks. The report begins with a case study of one averted attack and then details findings on the 51 averted incidents in the study. It concludes with recommendations for law enforcement and school administration to improve school safety. Find it at https://ric-zai-inc.com/ric.php?page=detail&id=COPS-W0871
  • A Study of Active Shooter Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013,available at  https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/office-of-partner-engagement/active-shooter-incidents/a-study-of-active-shooter-incidents-in-the-u.s.-2000-2013, provides research into 160 active shooter incidents in the United States during that time period.
  • 2015 Campus Safety Survey Key Findings Report presents the results of an anonymous online survey conducted by the National Center for Campus Public Safety in spring 2015. It assesses the current state of campus public safety and confirms findings from the field and information found in other recently released reports. Download the PDF at http://www.margolishealy.com/files/resources/2015MargolisHealy_CampusSafetySurvey_1.pdf
  • Active Shooter: How to Respond (October 2008). Because active shooter situations are often over within 10 to 15 minutes (before law enforcement arrives on the scene), individuals must be prepared both mentally and physically to deal with an active shooter situation. http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/active_shooter_booklet.pdf
  • Attention Students and Staff, a training tool created by a partnership between the Village of Gurnee Police Department, Woodland School District 50 and the Television Department of Columbia College in Chicago, can be ordered at no charge by law enforcement agencies, public safety agencies and educational institutions across the United States and the world. This video was put together by a group of more than 60 volunteers, including acting/film/TV industry professionals, educators, law enforcement professionals, and college and middle school students. View the trailer at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IluudUhr1DA&feature=youtu.be and email safetyvideo@police.gurnee.il.us or call (847) 599-7080 to order.
    (See "Volunteers Come Together to Produce Free Training Video” in Success Stories)
  • Best Practices for NCAA Championships Competition Venue Safety and Security, a free online resource guide, offers tips about threat assessment and venue security that can apply to any large-scale athletic competition. Read it at https://www.ncaa.org/sites/default/files/Best_Practices_for_Venue_Safety_and_Security.pdf
  • The Biological and Psychosocial Effects of Peer Victimization: Lessons for Bullying Prevention, a 19-page pdf document describes a study on the state of the science on biological and psychosocial consequences of peer victimization from early childhood through adolescence, as well as the risk and protective factors that either increase or decrease peer victimization behavior and consequences. This report is the result of an NIJ-funded project but is produced by the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. You can download the report from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/249950.pdf
  • Bullying and Violence on the School Bus: A Mixed-Methods Assessment of Behavioral Management Strategies presents research by RTI International and the National Association of Pupil Transportation into the nature of student misconduct on school buses and the approaches being used to address it. Read the National Institute of Justice-funded report at https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/252516.pdf
  • The Bullying Awareness Guidebook is a resource that explains bullying, the types of bullying and bullying prevention. https://www.accreditedschoolsonline.org/bullying-awareness-guidebook
  • Bullying in Schools: An Overview (February 2011). This bulletin provides an overview of studies funded by Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention, a summary of the researchers’ findings, and recommendations for policy and practice. http://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/234205.pdf
  • Bus-Ted is Tennessee's broken bus safety system, a website for parents to help them keep their kids safe on school buses.  Although primarily for residents of Tennessee, the site has general information on school bus safety. www.knowledgeinitiative.org/bus-safety
  • Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Institutions of Higher Education, jointly produced by the FBI, the U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education in the aftermath of the Virginia Tech massacre in 2007, presents research on targeted violence in institutions of higher education. It provides an overview of various incidents, discusses initial observations regarding behaviors of the subjects and offers preliminary considerations regarding the data that may have relevance to threat assessment. http://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/campus-attacks.pdf
  • Campus-Community Policing at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A Guidebook for Law Enforcement and Community Representatives, produced by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office) in 2009, is a road map for historically black colleges and universities (HBCU) and law enforcement agencies to reduce violent crime and drug use on HBCU campuses and the surrounding communities by increasing community engagement and strengthening relations between police and community members. The model is designed to help HBCUs and law enforcement establish functional partnerships in their own communities. Download the file at http://ric-zai-inc.com/Publications/cops-w0712-pub.pdf
  • Campus Policing in an Urban Environment presents findings from a forum sponsored by the National Center on Campus Public Safety and Queen University, focuses on critical issues in urban campus safety. Download it from https://www.nccpsafety.org/assets/files/library/Campus_Policing_Urban_Environment_Report_Final.pdf
  • .
  • Campus Security Guidelines: Recommended Operational Policies for Local and Campus Law Enforcement Agencies, a 2009 publication of the U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance and the Major Cities Chiefs Association, contains campus security guidelines in the areas of policies and agreements, prevention and preparedness, coordinated response and after action.
    The content is based on surveys sent to campus public safety departments and every MCCA member city. Available at https://www.bja.gov/Publications/MCC_CampusSecurityGuidelines.pdf
  • Community-Based Approaches to Prevention, reports on the 2014 National Summit on Preventing Multiple Casualty Violence convened by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, Johns Hopkins University and the Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers following the Aurora (Colo.) theater shooting. You can download the full report from
  • Comparison of Program Activities and Lessons Learned Among 19 School Resource Officer (SRO) Programs (March 2005). This National Institute of Justice funded document reports the results of a national assessment of SRO programs conducted through a cooperative agreement. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/209272.pdf
  • Components of Comprehensive School and School District Emergency Management Plans (2007). According to this U.S. Department of Education publication, to ensure the safety of students, faculty and staff, schools and school districts nationwide should create comprehensive, multihazard management plans that focus on the four phases of emergency management—prevention-mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. http://rems.ed.gov/docs/HH_Vol2Issue2.pdf
  • Consumers Base’s E Safety Guide for Parents & Kids page lists several guides to help parents and kids stay safe when online. https://www.consumersbase.com/esafety-guide/
  • Creating and Sustaining a Positive and Communal School Climate: Contemporary Research, Present Obstacles, and Future Directions, a report from the National Institute of Justice’s Comprehensive School Safety Initiative, looks at the impact and importance of a positive school climate on school safety. Available from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/250209.pdf
  • Cyber Bullying: The Complete Resource Guide takes a thorough look at characteristics of bullies and bullying, types of cyber bullying and what law enforcement officers can do to protect victims and prevent bullying. Available at http://backgroundchecks.org/cyber-bullying-helping-the-bullied-stopping-the-bullies.html.
  • Defending Childhood: Report of the Attorney General’s National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (2012) offers recommendations for communities dedicated to reducing and/or ending children’s exposure to violence. http://www.justice.gov/defendingchildhood/cev-rpt-full.pdf
  • The Essential Teen Internet Safety Guide can be downloaded from http://www.usdish.com/teen-internet-safety. It includes tips for parents on monitoring social media activity, addressing cyberbullying and using email, IM and chat safely.
  • Effects of a Middle School Social-Emotional Learning Program on Bullying, Teen Dating Violence, Sexual Violence, and Substance Use in High School, Final Report. Second Step is a universal, school-based social-emotional learning program aimed at reducing violence and encouraging academic success among middle school students. NIJ-funded researchers looked at the effect of the program on participants in their high school years. Results indicated that the social-emotional learning middle school program improved students' sense of belonging across the middle school years in comparison to students who were in the control schools. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/251740.pdf
  • Enhancing School Safety Using a Threat Assessment Model: An Operational Guide for Preventing Targeted School Violence provides fundamental direction on how to prevent incidents of targeted school violence. This operational guide provides actionable steps that schools can take to develop comprehensive targeted violence prevention plans for conducting threat assessments in schools.Download it from https://www.dhs.gov/publication/enhancing-school-safety-using-threat-assessment-model
  • FiOS Verizon has a free cyberbullying prevention guide available at https://fios.verizon.com/cyberbullying/.
  • Fire Safety: Before, During and After a Fire in Your Home, a web page created as part of a student safety education project, offers a number of useful fire safety tips that apply to schools as well as homes, including planning escape routes, the dangers of smoke exposure, how to stop, drop and roll if your clothing catches on fire, and how and when to use a fire extinguisher. Visit http://www.dandalaw.com/resources/fire-safety-before-during-after/ to learn more.
  • First Responder Guidance for Improving Survivability in Improvised Explosive Device and/or Active Shooter Incidents  (June 2015). This first responder guidance from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the U.S> Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Justice, and Transportation, provides evidence-based response strategies based on best practices and lessons learned from civilian and military IED and/or active shooter incidents.
  • Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education, a June 2013 publication jointly prepared by the U.S. Departments of Education, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services; the Federal Emergency Management Agency; and the FBI, focuses on how institutions of higher learning can collaborate with their local government and community partners to plan for potential emergencies through the creation of a school Emergency Operations Plan. http://rems.ed.gov/docs/REMS_IHE_Guide_508.pdf
  • Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans, a June 2013 publication jointly prepared by the U.S. Departments of Education, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services, the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the FBI,  focuses on how schools can collaborate with their local government and community partners to plan for potential emergencies through the creation of a school Emergency Operations Plan. http://rems.ed.gov/docs/REMS_K-12_Guide_508.pdf
  • A Guide for Preventing and Responding to School Violence (2010). A joint publication of the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, this guide includes information on school violence prevention, threat assessment, crisis planning, major crisis response, dealing with the aftermath and media relations. http://www.theiacp.org/portals/0/pdfs/schoolviolence2.pdf
  • Guide to Social Media in Educational Environments, produced by the National Center for Campus Public Safety and Social Sentinel, provided those interested in the safety of a school district, college or university with insight into the use and impact of social media. The guide helps professionals learn about mainstream social media sites and apps most commonly used among teens and college-age adults. It includes a variety of social media and online safety tips to share with the community.
  • Handbook for Campus Safety and Security Reporting, 2016 Edition, from the U.S. Department of Education, helps colleges and universities lay the proper foundation for complying with the Clery Act and other Higher Education Act safety- and security-related reporting requirements. This revised edition updates and addresses the 2014 amendments to the Clery Act. Download the file from http://www.nccpsafety.org/assets/files/library/2016_SafetySecurityHandbook_ED.pdf
  • HomeGuides has a free cyberbullying guide for students, teachers and parents. The guide is available https://homeguides.co.uk/cyberbullying/
  • Implementing Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus: A Virginia Tech Demonstration Project describes several new models for enhancing safety and overall well-being, both for individuals at risk and for the community as a whole. http://www.threatassessment.vt.edu/Implementing_Behavioral_Threat_Assessment.pdf
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety. The Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Center for Education Statistics release this report annually. It presents data on crime and safety in U.S. schools from the perspectives of students, teachers and administrators. Topics covered include victimization at school, teacher injury, bullying and cyber-bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, and student perceptions of personal safety at school. https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=6206
  • K-12 School Security: A Guide for Preventing and Protecting against Gun Violence (2nd ed., 2018). This U.S. Department of Homeland Security guide focuses on general security best practices and considerations and provides preventive and protective measures to address the threat of gun violence in schools. There is also an accompanying Excel-based security survey to assist individuals schools with their planning. Visit https://www.dhs.gov/publication/k-12-school-security-guide
  • Making Schools Safer, a fact sheet from the U.S. Secret Service’s National Threat Assessment Center, discusses the roles that everyone can play in keeping our nation’s school safer. Download from https://www.secretservice.gov/data/protection/ntac/Making_Schools_Safer_Quick_Reference_Guide_2018_Update.pdf
  • Mass Victimization: Promising Avenues for Prevention focuses on seven promising prevention strategies focusing on threat assessment and proactive strategies to prevent mass victim incidents. The document was produced by the FBI in cooperation with a multi-agency collaborative. https://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/mass-victimization-promising-avenues-for-prevention
  • NFPA 3000™ (PS), Standard for an Active Shooter / Hostile Event Response (ASHER) Program, addresses all aspects of integrated community preparedness, response and recovery from identifying hazards and assessing vulnerability to planning, resource management, incident management at a command level, competencies for first responders and recovery. Available at https://catalog.nfpa.org/NFPA-3000-PS-Standard-for-an-Active-ShooterHostile-Event-Response-ASHER-Program-Subscription-P18704.aspx?icid=D837
  • NIOSH Safety Checklist Program for Schools and Other Safety Databases. This CD-ROM, produced in 2010 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, includes recommendations and checklists for establishing a safe schools program. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2010-108c/
  • The National Center for Campus Public Safety, a contract program of the Bureau of Justice Assistance, has prepared The Roles and Strategies of Campus Safety Teams for Preventing Violence in College and University Campus Communities. It presents the results of a focus group of campus public safety leaders who met in July 2018 to discuss challenges and potential solutions.
  • National Higher Education Emergency Management Needs Assessment , identifies emergency management program needs at institutions of higher education. Results are based on a practitioner survey, and the report includes recommendations. This nationwide study was prepared by University of Oregon Community Service Center with funding from the National Center for Campus Public Safety, in partnership with the Disaster Resilient Universities® Network and the International Association of Emergency Managers-Universities and Colleges Caucus.
  • Operational Templates and Guidance for EMS Mass Incident Deployment, produced by the Federal Emergency Management Agency in June 2012, provides deployment templates, mass care coordination toolkits, policy guidance, sample mutual aid agreements and more.
  • Practical Information on Crisis Planning: A Guide for Schools and Communities (2007). Taking action now can save lives, prevent injury and minimize property damage in the moments of a crisis, and this guide emphasizes the importance of reviewing and revising school and district plans. Produced by the U.S. Department of Education. http://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/emergencyplan/crisisplanning.pdf
  • Practitioners' Discussion of Implementing Clery/Title IX: Report on the Summit reports on summits held August 2014 and January 2015 to discuss compliance issues around Title IX and other related legislation including the Clery Act and the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), and look at promising practices. Summit sponsors were the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators, the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the National Center for Campus Public Safety (NCCPS).
  • Pre Attack Behaviors of Active Shooters in US 2000-2013 analyzes a group of 63 mass shooting incidents during the selected time period for commonality among the shooters. https://www.fbi.gov/file-repository/pre-attack-behaviors-of-active-shooters-in-us-2000-2013.pdf
  • Preparedness and Response to a Rural Mass Casualty Incident: Workshop Summary  summarizes a workshop presented by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. It addresses rural mass casualty incidents and the significant and unique challenges experienced by those working in rural areas.
  • Preparing and Responding to Cyberbullying: Tips for Law Enforcement. This tip card, jointly prepared by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), includes more than 20 recommendations from subject-matter experts working in law enforcement, youth trauma, mental health, computer crimes, victim services and education. It provides guidance on cyberbullying prevention, preparation, response and investigation to law enforcement administrators and first responders. A copy of the tip card, in English or Spanish, is available on the IACP website at www.theiacp.org/cyberbullyingresources
  • Preventing Youth Violence: Opportunities for Action and a companion piece, Taking Action to Prevent Youth Violence, provide information and action steps to help stop youth violence before it starts. These materials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention discuss how all communities and all young people are affected by youth violence, which includes fights, bullying, threats with weapons, and gang-related violence, and how everyone can be involved in the fight against. Read more and access the download files at http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/Opportunities-for-Action.html
  • Primer to Design Safe School Projects in Case of Terrorist Attacks and School Shootings produced by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate, Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division, provides the basic principles and techniques to make a school safe from terrorist attacks and school shootings,  and also ensure it is functional and aesthetically pleasing, and meets the needs of the students, staff, administration and general public.
  • Prior Knowledge of Potential School-Based Violence: Information Students Learn May Prevent a Targeted Attack (May 2008). The U.S. Secret Service Safe Schools Initiative examined several issues, including whether most school attacks are planned and what can be done to prevent attacks. www.secretservice.gov/data/protection/ntac/bystander_study.pdf
  • The Role of Technology in Improving K-12 School Safety Technology, prepared by the RAND Corporation with funding from the National Institute of Justice, presents information on technology needs as identified by practitioners. The report identifies 12 types of school safety technologies, including several areas with the potential for improving safety in U.S. schools. Download the report from http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1488.html.
  • RS Components Ltd. has a free guide on how to identify hazards in schools. The link is available at https://uk.rs-online.com/web/generalDisplay.html?id=ideas-and-advice/identifying-hazards-school-guide
  • "Run. Hide. Fight. Surviving an Active Shooter Event,” an FBI training video, can be viewed at https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cirg/active-shooter-and-mass-casualty-incidents/run-hide-fight-video
  • School Resources and Violence Prevention: Part One (https://leb.fbi.gov/2017/april/school-resource-officers-and-violence-prevention-best-practices-part-one) and Part Two (https://leb.fbi.gov/2017/may/school-resource-officers-and-violence-prevention-best-practices-part-two) offers help to SROs and other LEOs working in kindergarten through 12th grade educational settings. Part one addresses considerations in establishing such a partnership, including potential challenges, and Part Two focuses on targeted violence prevention strategies.
  • School Safety Policies and Programs Administered by the U.S. Federal Government: 1990–2016, is a report prepared by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress under an Interagency Agreement with the National Institute of Justice, discusses in detail the federal school safety programs, policies, research and technical assistance resources for K–12 public schools — including public charter schools — administered by ED, the DOJ, and HHS since the early 1990s. Available at https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/251517.pdf
  • Safety Savvy, available in both Apple and Android versions, is a free education resource for parents and guardians that encourages safe behaviors and can be accessed from the user’s phone. Available from Texas Center for the Missing at http://centerforthemissing.org/get-safety-savvy/ . (See "Safety Savvy Provides the Answers to Your Questions” in Success Stories.)
  • School Safety Tips and Prevention provides information for children and links to resources on violence prevention, bullying and drugs. Go to http://www.aaastateofplay.com/school-safety-for-kids/
  • School Tip Line Toolkit: A Blueprint for Implementation and Sustainability provides information for educators, law enforcement professionals, community leaders and school safety experts implementing an anonymous tip line as a school safety measure. Produced with NIJ funds, this publication can be downloaded at https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/252537.pdf.
  • Sexual Violence Prevention: An Athletics Tool Kit for a Healthy and Safe Culture, available for download at http://www.ncaa.org/sport-science-institute/sexual-violence-prevention-tool-kit, provides resource-independent tools for athletics administrators in their efforts to create campus communities free of violence and safe places for students to learn and thrive.
  • Steps for Developing a School Emergency Management Plan (2007). The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools strongly encourages schools and school districts to develop emergency management plans within the context of the four phases of emergency management: prevention-mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. In addition, schools should collaborate closely with police, fire and emergency services personnel and community partners. http://rems.ed.gov/docs/HH_Vol2Issue1.pdf
  • Student Safety Guide is an online HTML guide focusing on keeping safe on college campuses. It includes information on the Jeanne Clery Act, choosing a safe college, keeping safe while attending online classes and more. Visit http://www.onlinecolleges.net/for-students/student-safety/
  • Suicide and Depression Awareness for Students is an online resource guide that includes resources, suicide warning signs, special populations at risk, and how to get help. http://www.learnpsychology.org/suicide-depression-student-guidebook/
  • Surviving an Active Shooter, produced by the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, is a free online video that engages viewers in thinking and planning for their response to an active shooter event. Transcripts and links to educational resources are also available. Visit http://www.activeshooter.lasd.org/ (See "Video Encourages Viewers to Plan for Survival” in Success Stories.)
  • The Higher Education Mental Health Alliance (HEMHA) recognized the need for a resource that would help both existing and new teams make informed decisions about their structure, scope, functions, and day-to-day operations. Higher Education Mental Health Alliance (HEMHA) Campus Teams Guide summarizes the existing literature on campus teams and suggests some of the key issues that should be considered when creating or managing a campus team.
    http://www.jedfoundation.org/campus_teams_guide.pdf Updating and Maintaining School Emergency Management Plans (2007). Developing and implementing comprehensive, multihazard emergency management plans is an ongoing process that must be consistently reinforced and strengthened. Produced by the U.S. Department of Education. http://rems.ed.gov/docs/HH_Vol2Issue3.pdf
  • Training Trigger: Integrated Response Operations in Active Shooter/Hostile Events, a June 2016 fact sheet from the Interagency Review Board, can be downloaded from https://interagencyboard.org/content/training-trigger-integrated-response-operations-active-shooterhostile-events-june-2016
  • Violence Prevention in Schools, a new guide from the FBI, contains practical advice gathered from experienced school resource officers on how law enforcement, school and districts can work together to keep schools safe. Download the file from https://www.fbi.gov/file-repository/violence-prevention-in-schools-march-2017.pdf/view
  • What is the Supportive School Discipline Initiative? This brief from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention explains SSDI, a collaboration between the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice in coordination with OJJDP, the Department of Health and Human Services, and other federal partners. SSDI supports school discipline practices that foster safe, supportive and productive learning environments and keep students engaged in school and out of courts. The brief provides information about SSDI and features links to research, data collection, funding, and related resources, including the school discipline guidance package. Available for download at https://www.ojjdp.gov/programs/SSDI.pdf
  • "When Seconds Count,” produced by the Texas School Safety Center at Texas State University, is a free 20-minute video on preparing to deal with an active shooter situation. Available at http://vimeo.com/14621179.
    (See "Texas School Safety Center at Texas State University Provides Assistance and Answers” in Success Stories)
  • Verywell Family has a free resource on bullying and cyberbullying. It is available at https://www.verywellfamily.com/bullying-overview-4581824.
  • YourGearDeconstructed.com has a free guide on internet safety, security and screen time for kids. The guide is available at https://yourgeardeconstructed.com/parents-internet-safety-security-screen-time-guide..

For-Profit Resource Materials

NLECTC provides links to the following materials as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These materials are available for a fee, and their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

For-Profit Organizations

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

  • Barracuda Intruder Defense System™, designed by a law enforcement professional who is an active-shooter training instructor, is a free-standing device (not permanently attached to a door) that can be easily transferred to another access point and works on both inward and outward swinging doors. For more information, visit https://www.bilco.com/Barracuda-Intruder-Defense-System.html
  • BARRICADEpro is a bullet-resistant door barrier designed to protect room occupants, while providing daily use of its whiteboard surfaces. It stands 85 inches tall and 44 inches wide, so intruders have no sightline into a room. The ballistic coverage extends from 0.6 inch of the floor up 78 inches, so bullets cannot be fired into the room. More information is available at https://everwhiteboards.com/mobileguard/barricadepro-door-barrier/
  • Bearacade™, developed by concerned parents, school administrators, and first responders, fits quickly and easily on any door to prevent the door from opening in either direction. The unit features reflective markings on the outer facing portion to signal to authorities that the device has been deployed. For more information, visit http://doorbearacade.com/
  • COPsync911 is an emergency alert software that ties schools to their local law enforcement agencies. https://www.copsync911.com
    (See "Providing a Direct Connection Between Schools and Law Enforcement” in Success Stories)
  • JAMBLOCK™ consists of a single piece of lightweight crafted steel that will secure virtually any door in seconds. It can also be removed in seconds if an evacuation order is announced. For more information, visit http://www.lockdownschools.com/about/
  • Location-Aware Messaging for School Safety is Ekahau’s Wi-Fi-based life system that combines real-time location awareness with two-way communications to help reduce emergency response time and keep students, teachers and staff "visible.” https://www.ekahau.com/real-time-location-system/solutions/life-safety-security/education-schools-k-12
    (See "Real-Time Location Systems Provides Enhanced Security in Idaho School” in Success Stories)
  • NEXARsos is an automated intervention system designed to increase school safety. http://nexarsos.com/
    (See "Real-Time Communications Comes to Oregon School” in Success Stories)
  • NIGHTLOCK LOCKDOWN anchors securely to the floor and can withstand tremendous force. Because it is at floor level, it is out of the reach of someone who breaks through a door window. For more information, visit https://classroomlockdown.com/
  • The Portable Affordable Lockdown System™ (PALS™) is a cable classroom security measure that fits over a door handle preventing access. It can be applied in seconds at a readily accessible height and is a cost-effective answer to securing multiple rooms.
  • Safe Plans offers security awareness resources for educators, including an active shooter defense training video, an intruder drill planner and an intruder drill teachers guide. Visit https://safeplans.com/active-shooter-defense-resources-for-schools/
  • School SafeCommunications  is a web-enabled two-way radio-based product that allows for communications interoperability between school radio systems and public safety radio systems. https://SchoolSafecom.org/
    (See "Building ‘Bridges’ That Enhance Communications” in Success Stories)
  • School Safe enhances the functionality of a door’s existing lock by allowing the door to remained locked throughout the day but still used to go in and out freely. For more information, visit https://www.globalinnovationsco.com/
  • ShotPoint® is a gunfire detection system that can protect areas like schools, office buildings, retail centers, campuses, and urban areas by transmitting accurate, actionable information to responders the moment a gunshot occurs. ShotPoint can pinpoint the trajectory of rifle bullets fired from long distances. The system instantly transmits the location of the shooter, the bullet trajectory (if available) and caliber. www.databuoy.us
  • SpotOnResponse provides first responders with critical information (e.g., floor plans, site plans, photos, walkthroughs) in a digital format on receipt of a 911 call. Data can be accessed via cell phones, tablets, and computers through a Cloud-based system. Learn more at www.spotonresponse.com
  • The Sleeve, developed by educators, encases the door closer in a specially designed, slide-on cover made of carbon steel. For more information on this simple proactive tool, visit Fighting Chance Solutions at https://fightingchancesolutions.com/
  • XAFER S smoke fills an area of 130 cubic yards in 25 seconds by means of a system which guarantees the production of a large volume of security smoke. The smoke is harmless to people, property and animals, and the capsules can be changed easily in just a few minutes. www.xafer.com

For-Profit Publications

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

  • A Practical Guide for Crisis Response in Our Schools - A Comprehensive Crisis Response Plan for School Districts (Fifth Edition), produced by School Crisis Response, is a step-by-step, color-coded guideline geared to each responder in order to provide the most expeditious response possible to any emergency. http://www.schoolcrisisresponse.com/
  • Crisis Management Plans for Schools, produced by J. Berra Engineering, features strategies for preparedness and response for more than 40 different types of emergencies. http://www.crisisplans.com

Free Resources

  • The National Center for School Crisis and Bereavement is dedicated to helping schools support their students through crisis and loss. Visit https://www.schoolcrisiscenter.org/
  • National Education Association Health Information Network (NEA HIN) is a nonprofit health and safety organization closely aligned with the NEA. Its services include a free downloadable crisis resource guide, School Crisis Guide: Help and Healing in a Time of Crisis.
  • National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) provides information on victim assistance, how to get help, resources for victims/survivors and crisis response specialists as well as information on crisis intervention.https://www.trynova.org/
  • Law Enforcement Traumatic Stress: Clinical Syndromes and Intervention Strategies (1999). This article, published by the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress, focuses on traumatic stress and intervention strategies for law enforcement officers. http://www.aaets.org/arts/art87.htm