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This resource list provides access to a number of organizations, some of them for-profit in nature, that offer services related to school safety in the key areas of Prepare, Respond and Recover, as well as links to recent publications in those areas. Professional associations and federal agencies that provide overarching services in one or more of those areas are listed in separate sections, as are relevant products from the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center (NLECTC) System and articles published in its award-winning newsletter, TechBeat.

This resources section should not be considered all inclusive; you may locate others, particularly those specific to your local area, by using a search engine. If you need additional assistance with locating resources, contact NLECTC at (800) 248-2742 or email

Because the content and organization of websites change often, the URLs listed for organizations usually take users to a home page. Publication links lead to the listed publications, but please remember that Web addresses change frequently. If a listed address no longer works, try locating the resource by using a search engine.

Professional Associations

  • Historically Black Colleges and Universities Law Enforcement Executives and Administrators seeks to protect and secure all students, faculty, staff and guests of all HBCU institutions; provide and share data that ensures quality law enforcement and security response to campus incidents; comply with the Jeanne Clery Act and provide protective programs and training to HBCU–LEEA members, maintaining the highest standards in promoting security and law enforcement for all HBCUs. You can visit their website at
  • International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators (IACLEA) targets colleges, universities, campus law enforcement professionals and municipal law enforcement professionals. IACLEA advances public safety for educational institutions by providing educational resources, advocacy and professional development.
  • International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) is a nonprofit professional association that offers training, information resources, mentoring, conferences, assessment tools and more on topics that include school safety and active threat response.
    (See "Students Set the Pace in Learning About School Safety” in Success Stories)
  • National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) is a nonprofit organization that offers basic and advanced training for school-based law enforcement officers, school administrators and school security/safety professionals, and specialized training in legal issues affecting school safety.
    (See "The Immediate First Responder” in Success Stories)
  • National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) includes information on school safety on its site.
  • National Association of School Safety and Law Enforcement Officials (NASSLEO) promotes appropriate legislation on school violence and the safe school environment, offers safety and security planning and training, and provides school districts and the public with accurate, authoritative information on issues relating to school-based crime and violence. NASSLEO members include school resource officers and police officers, school security officers and school security consultants.
  • National Tactical Officers Association (NTOA) is a nonprofit professional association that provides training and information resources on topics that include school violence, emergency tactical medical response, crisis response and hostage negotiation.
  • School Safety Advocacy Council (SSAC) advocates public policy in legislative and regulatory arenas, and works to promote safe and secure school and community environments. http://www.School
    (See "School Safety Advocacy Council Helps Schools Find Their Strengths” in Success Stories)

Federal Government Agencies

  • The Center for Changing Our Campus Culture: An Online Resource to Address Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence and Stalking is supported by the U.S. Department of Justice's Office on Violence Against Women in collaboration with its designated Campus Program Technical Assistance Provider Team. It provides important resources for colleges and universities on sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking. Go to
  •, a project of the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, uses rigorous research to inform practitioners and policymakers about what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice and crime victim services. Programs and practices, including those focusing on school safety, are reviewed and rated.
  • The FBI, through its Critical Response Group, offers an extensive amount of resources for both law enforcement and the public that relate to handling active shooter incidents, including access to training, publications and services offered by other agencies.
    (See "FBI Promotes Partnership Approach to Planning for Active Shooter Incidents” in Success Stories)
  • Helping Victims of Mass Violence and Terrorism, an online toolkit from the Office for Victims of Crime, helps communities prepare for and respond to victims of mass violence and terrorism in the most timely, effective, and compassionate manner possible. Find the toolkit at
  • National Center for Campus Public Safety, a program of the Bureau of Justice Assistance, serves as a "one-stop shop" for campus public safety agencies. It promotes innovative practices specific to campus public safety efforts and develops comprehensive responses, resources and strategies, drawing from the latest research, data and best practices on school safety and security.
  • National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) is a resource provided by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and other U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) agencies, and the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP). NCJRS has a large variety of research information, including materials on school safety and other issues relevant to the criminal justice community.
  • Funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the National Gang Center contributes to reductions in gang-related crime and violence by providing national leadership; information to policymakers and researchers; and resources, training, and technical assistance to practitioners nationwide. It offers law enforcement-sensitive training, a monthly newsletter and other publications, including the annual Youth Gang Survey. Visit
  • National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center (NLECTC) System, funded by the National Institute of Justice, works directly with federal, state and local government agencies; community leaders; and scientists to foster technological innovations that result in new products, services, systems and strategies for the nation’s criminal justice professionals.
  • The National Mentoring Resource Center, a program of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, serves as a comprehensive and reliable resource for mentoring tools, program and training materials, and information. In addition to accessing online resources, mentoring programs can apply for no-cost training and technical assistance. Visit
  • National Threat Assessment Center (NTAC), a program of the U.S. Secret Service, provides threat assessment leadership and guidance.
  •, a service of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, provides tips, fact, toolkits, training materials and more that can be used to help address problems associated with bullying and cyberbullying. Visit
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative is a unique federal grant-making program from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) designed to prevent violence and substance abuse among the nation’s youth, schools and communities.
  • U.S. Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program is the federal government’s vehicle for reducing school violence as well as drug, alcohol and tobacco use through education and prevention activities.
  • U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Healthy Students, includes the Safe and Supportive Schools Group, the Healthy Students Group and the Center for Schools Preparedness. Learn more about its many projects at
    (See "Office of Safe and Healthy Students Promotes Holistic Anti-bullying Approach” in Success Stories)
  • U.S. Department of Education, Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools (REMS) Technical Assistance (TA) Center, supports schools, school districts and institutions of higher education in school emergency management, including the development and implementation of comprehensive all-hazards emergency management plans.
  • U.S. Department of Education, School Climate and Discipline provides tools, data and resources to increase awareness of the prevalence, impact and legal implications of suspension and expulsion; find basic information and resources on effective alternatives; and join a national conversation on how to effectively create positive school climates.
  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency offers several free online courses related to school safety. These courses address such topics as introducing educators to the incident command system, multi-hazard planning and preparing for mass casualty incidents. Visit
  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) School Safety enhances school safety by offering funding, training and resources for efforts such as providing money for emergency preparedness, training school bus drivers in security and hardening school buildings’ vulnerability.
  • U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), offers grants and programs that serve the needs of SROs and school safety programs.
  • U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) offers grants, funding and resources for school safety programs and SROs.
  • White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) provides publications, resources and grant information on school safety and related issues.

State Agencies

State Agencies


Alabama Law Enforcement Agency, Division of Homeland Security
Office of the Secretary
Alabama Law Enforcement Agency
201 S. Union St., Ste. 300
P.O. Box 304115
Montgomery, AL 36130-4115
(334) 517-2563

Contact: Camilla Gibson, Assistant Director, Alabama Law Enforcement Agency

School Safety – Department of Education, Prevention and Support Services
(334) 242-8165

Tom Mock,
Jim Toney,
Fran Stewart,
Dr. Erica Butler,

The Prevention and Support Services section is also responsible for the implementation of the School Safety and Discipline sections of the Code of Alabama (1975), §§ 16-6B-5 through §16-6B-7 of the Alabama Accountability Act of 1995, which includes school safety and discipline as one of three areas of possible intervention by the state Superintendent of Education.


Alaska Department of Education & Early Development
801 W. 10th St., Ste. 200
P.O. Box 110500
Juneau, AK 99811-0500
(907) 465-2800

Contact: Patricia Owen, Education Specialist
(907) 465-2939

It is the policy of this state that the purpose of education is to help ensure that all students will succeed in their education and work, shape worthwhile and satisfying lives for themselves, exemplify the best values of society and be effective in improving the character and quality of the world about them.


Arizona Department of Education
School Safety & Prevention
1535 W. Jefferson St., Bin 29
Phoenix, AZ 85007
(602) 542-8730

Contact: Davidson Riggs

The School Safety and Prevention Program is a state-funded grant program that places school resource officers (SROs) and/or juvenile probation officers (JPOs) in selected schools to contribute to safer school environments that are conducive to teaching and learning. School Safety and Prevention Program officers maintain a visible presence on campus, deter delinquent and violent behavior, serve as an available resource to the school community and provide students and staff with law-related education (LRE) instruction and training.


Arkansas Safe Schools Association
c/o Criminal Justice Institute
26 Corporate Hill Dr.
Little Rock, AR 72205

Contact: Vicki French, Safe Schools Coordinator
(501) 579-8098

The Arkansas Safe Schools Association is a statewide, nonprofit organization consisting of school resource officers, school safety personnel, school administrators and others dedicated to protecting our children and helping our schools maintain a safe and orderly climate, thereby creating a positive learning environment. Our goal is to provide consistent, up-to-date, affordable, quality training that is available to all law enforcement agencies and school districts across the state. This training, along with a communication network of school safety professionals, will make Arkansas schools a safer place to learn.


California Department of Education, Office of Learning Support, Office of Safe Schools
1430 N St.
Sacramento, CA 94244-2720
(916) 319-0914
Fax: (916) 319-0218

Contact: Tom Herman, Administrator


Colorado School Safety Resource Center
700 Kipling St., Ste. 1000
Denver, CO 80215
(303) 239-4435
Fax: (303) 239-4510

Contact: Christine R. Harms, M.S., Director
(303) 239-4534

CSSRC provides free consultation, resources, training and technical assistance to foster safe and secure learning environments, positive school climates and early intervention to prevent crisis situations. We support schools and local agencies in their efforts to prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from all types of emergencies and crisis situations. Information and resources from the CSSRC are available to all schools, school officials and community partners throughout Colorado.


Connecticut School Safety Infrastructure Council, Department of Administrative Services
165 Capitol Ave.
Hartford, CT 06106
(860) 713-5100

Contact: Melody Curry, Commissioner
School districts review and, where possible, implement SSIC Standards established in a February 2014 report during the school design process.


Delaware Department of Education, School Climate & Discipline
401 Federal St., Ste. 2
Dover, DE 19901-3639
(302) 735-4060

Contact: John R. Sadowski, Program Manager
(302) 735-4210

Contact: Joseph Melvin, Deputy Director, CSSP, State of Delaware
(302) 744-4027


Office of School Security
1200 First St., NE
Washington, DC 20002
(202) 442-5885

The Office of School Security works with other agencies to make sure that schools provide a physically safe environment for learning. Their goal is to prevent criminal activity in and around schools, to investigate incidents and to coordinate an effective response to serious misbehavior or crime.


Florida Department of Education
Office of Safe Schools
325 W. Gaines St., Rm. 144A
Tallahassee, FL 32399-0400
(850) 245-0416
Fax: (850) 245-9978

Contact: Brooks Rumenik

The Office of Safe Schools serves to promote and support safe learning environments by addressing issues of student safety and academic success on state, district and school levels. Schools implement school safety measures, drug prevention programs and a positive school climate that promotes caring relationships, either directly or indirectly facilitating rising student academic achievement.


Center for Research on School Safety, School Climate and Classroom Management
Georgia State University
P.O. Box 3976
Atlanta, GA 30302-3990
(404) 413-8482

Contact: Dr. Kristen Varjas

The Center for School Safety, School Climate and Classroom Management is focused on both research and outreach/service projects involving school safety, school violence prevention, school climate, classroom management and related issues. Current areas of research include prevention of bullying, cyberbullying and the commercial sexual exploitation of children.


Guam Homeland Security, Office of Civil Defense, School Safety and Terrorism Program
221B Chalan Palasyo
Agana Heights, Guam 96910
(671) 475-9600

Contact: Jenna Gaminde

Guam Homeland Security/Office of Civil Defense currently has a School Safety and Terrorism Program that includes partnerships with other agencies such as Guam Department of Education, Guam Fire Department and Guam Police Department. Goals and objectives include training, exercise and drills for school personnel, awareness and education through presentations and dissemination of information, and evaluation and assessment of all school emergency plans and response capabilities.


Hawaii Department of Education, Safety, Security, and Emergency Preparedness Branch

Contact: Gilbert Chun (808) 586-3457

Contact : Donalyn Dela Cruz
Director, Communications and Community Affairs Office
Hawaii State Department of Education
(808) 586-3232

The Safety, Security and Emergency Preparedness Branch is responsible for the security of department campuses. Our schools and state offices are secured as best as possible to prevent theft, vandalism, trespassing and acts of violence, but we know we can always do better. Annual training is provided for all security personnel with continued research into security best practices and the latest technology.


Idaho Department of Education, Safe and Drug Free Schools
650 W. State St.
P.O. Box 83720
Boise, ID 83720-0027
(800) 432-4601

Contact: Matt McCarter, Director of Student Engagement and Post-secondary Readiness
(208) 332-6961


Schools/Campus - School Safety Information Sharing Program
Illinois State Police
801 S. Seventh St.
Springfield, IL 62703

Contact: Maria Langheim, School Intelligence Officer, Statewide Terrorism & Intelligence Center Office
(217) 558-2661


Indiana Department of Education, School Safety
South Tower, Ste. 600
115 W. Washington St.
Indianapolis, IN 46204

Contact: David Woodward, Safety Academy Program Coordinator
(317) 232-6975


Iowa Homeland Security & Emergency Management
7105 NW 70th Ave.
Camp Dodge, Bldg. W-4
Johnston, IA 50131
(515) 725-3231

Contact: Dave Johnston
(515) 725-3295

School districts and individual schools are responsible not only for the education of their students, but also for their safety. Not only do school staff need to know what to do in case of a fire or severe weather, they also need to know what to do in the event of suspicious packages, bomb threats, hazardous materials accidents, shooting incidents, hostage situations and assaults. The goal of Iowa Homeland Security & Emergency Management is to make sure that every school in Iowa has a plan.


Kansas Safe Schools Resource Center (KSSRC), Kansas State Department of Education, Career, Standards, and Assessments
Landon State Office Building
900 SW Jackson Ave., Ste. 653
Topeka, KS 66612
(785) 296-8109

Contact: Kent Reed
School Counseling Consultant
School Climate and Culture Project Director
Kansas State Department of Education
Career, Standards, and Assessments
(785) 296-8109

KSSRC believes that Kansas schools should provide physically safe and emotionally secure learning environments for all students and staff. KSSRC will help guide you to resources related to the following:

  • Designing safe schools.
  • Bullying prevention.
  • Data resources.


Kentucky Center for School Safety, Eastern Kentucky University
521 Lancaster Ave., 111 Stratton Bldg.
Richmond, KY 40475
(877) 805-4277

Contact: Jon Akers, Executive Director

In today’s society, school safety is a daily issue that ranges from classroom management to school incident command for crisis situations. The Kentucky Center for School Safety staff is committed to providing training, resources, information and research.


Governor’s Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness
7667 Independence Blvd.
Baton Rouge, LA 70806

Contact: Mike Steele
Communications Director, Governor’s Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness
(225) 925-3966
General Office: (225) 925-7500
Cell: (225) 788-0095

This office collaborates with the Department of Public Safety and Corrections, Department of Health and Hospitals, Department of Children and Family Services, Office of Juvenile Justice and the Governor’s Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness, and also serves as the grant administrator for Homeland Security grants.

Louisiana Department of Education: Louisiana Believes, Consolidated Support Resources
P.O. Box 94064
Baton Rouge, LA 70804-9064
(225) 219-4441
Contact: Terri Byrd


Maine Department of Education
23 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0023
(207) 624-6600

Contact: Pat Hinckley, Transportation & Facilities Administrator
(207) 624-6886

All students in Maine deserve to have a safe environment in which they can learn. The Maine Department of Education school security team provides information to schools and works with the legislature to ensure that schools are prepared for all types of emergencies. School security is about leadership, planning and practice to mitigate, respond to and recover from a critical incident. The School Security site deals with all-hazards emergency preparedness.


Maryland Center for School Safety, Maryland Coordination & Analysis Center
7125 Ambassador Road, Ste. 130
Baltimore, MD 21244
(301) 370-3497

Contact: Edward A. Clarke, Executive Director
(301) 370-3497

The Maryland Center for School Safety collaborates with local school systems, law enforcement agencies, state and local government, community organizations, parents and other groups to provide a coordinated and comprehensive policy for school safety in Maryland. With those partners, the Center disseminates information on best practices, programs and resources; provides technical assistance and training; collects, analyzes and integrates statewide data; and promotes interagency efforts to ensure safe schools.

Maryland State Department of Education, Maryland Emergency Planning and School Safety, Student Services & Strategic Planning Branch
200 W. Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201
(410) 767-0311

Contact: Richard Scott, Coordinated Student Services Team Leader Specialist, School Counseling
(410) 767-0288


Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
75 Pleasant St.
Malden, MA 02148-4906
(781) 338-3000

Contact: Anne L. Gilligan, M.P.H.
(781) 338-6309

Providing a safe and healthy learning environment is key to helping students develop essential skills and knowledge necessary for college and career readiness. The Department of Elementary and Secondary Education works with school districts and communities to help build safe and healthy learning environments for all students.


Minnesota School Safety Center, Homeland Security and Emergency Management, Minnesota Department of Public Safety
445 Minnesota St., Ste. 223
St. Paul, MN 55101
(651) 201-7400

Contact: Julie Anderson, External Affairs Coordinator
(651) 201-7576

The Minnesota School Safety Center (MnSSC) serves as an essential school safety resource to schools, law enforcement, emergency responders and community partners by providing information, guidance, training and technical assistance for all-hazard safety planning for schools.
The MnSSC works to guide school districts in developing and enhancing emergency plans, assist in the development of all-hazard safety plans for schools and coordinate preparedness activities including prevention, protection, mitigation, response and recovery with federal, state and local partners.

Minnesota Department of Education Safe Schools
1500 Highway 36 West
Roseville, MN 55113
(651) 582-8200

The Minnesota Department of Education works through partnerships to ensure that students have safe school climates in which to learn, and that schools and communities have the information and resources they need to create and maintain safe schools that nurture healthy development.
School climate includes an expectation that all students and staff are treated with respect, caring connections are established between all students and adults in the building, and students share concerns about school safety and adults take those concerns seriously.
Each Minnesota school district must adopt a district crisis management policy. The policy must include an individual district's plan to respond to potential crisis situations such as natural disasters, hazardous materials, weapons in schools, etc. The policy should include contact persons and their phone numbers, and be reviewed by school personnel in each building.


Montana Safe Schools Center, University of Montana, Institute for Educational Research and Service
32 Campus Dr.
Missoula, MT 59812
(406) 243-5344

Contact: Matt Taylor, Director

The Montana Safe Schools Center serves as a research, training and technical assistance center to schools across the United States on key components of safe and supportive schools, including comprehensive emergency management plans and safety assessments, mental health recovery/psychological first aid, bullying and suicide prevention, positive behavioral supports and childhood/secondary trauma mitigation.


Mississippi Department of Education, Division of Safe and Orderly Schools
P.O. Box 771
359 N. West St.
Jackson, MS 39205
(601) 359-1028
(601) 942-2445 (24-hour assistance)

Contact: Robert Laird, Director, Division of School Safety

The Division of School Safety is responsible for the development, implementation and training of all K-12 students in the areas of emergency operations/response, law enforcement, physical security, threat assessment and school discipline. It is also the primary operational, credentialing and training office of all school resource officers and school safety officers in the state.


Missouri Center for Education Safety
200 Madison St., Ste. 320
Jefferson City, MO 65101

Contact: Paul Fennewald, Director
(573) 638-7501, ext. 421
Contact: Gary Moore, Safety Coordinator
(573) 638-7501, ext. 415
Contact: John Warner, Emergency Planning Coordinator
(573) 445-9920, ext. 311
Contact: Dave Martin, Assistant Emergency Planning Coordinator
(573) 638-7501, ext. 419
Contact: Kara Sanders, Administrative Assistant
(573) 445-9920, ext. 369

The Center for Education Safety (CES) is an innovative, public-private partnership of the Missouri Department of Public Safety, Missouri Office of Homeland Security, Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education and the Missouri School Boards Association (MSBA). Located at the MSBA Communications Center in Jefferson City — Missouri’s capital — CES is dedicated to enhancing various aspects of emergency planning, preparedness, safety and security in public and nonpublic education (pre-K, K-12 and post-secondary). The services provided by CES fall into three categories: leadership, information resources, and technical assistance and training.

Department of Public Safety, Office of Homeland Security
1101 Riverside Dr.
Lewis and Clark Building, Fourth Fl. West
P.O. Box 749
Jefferson City, MO 65102

Contact: Chris Pickering, Homeland Security Coordinator
(573) 522-3007
Fax: (573) 751-5399


Montana Safe Schools Center, University of Montana, Institute for Educational Research and Service
32 Campus Dr.
Missoula, MT 59812

Contact: Brooke Marshall
(406) 243-5764
Fax: (406) 243-2197

The Montana Safe Schools Center serves as a research, training and technical assistance center for schools across the United States on key components of safe and supportive schools. This includes comprehensive emergency management plans and safety assessments, mental health recovery/psychological first aid, bullying and suicide prevention, positive behavioral support and childhood/secondary trauma mitigation.


Nebraska Department of Education
301 Centennial Mall South
P.O. Box 94987
Lincoln, NE 68509-4987
(402) 471-2295

Contact: Jolene Palmer
School Safety & Security Director
Nebraska Department of Education
(402) 471-2944

The Nebraska Department of Education provides informational resources and support to increase the safety and security of Nebraska schools.


Nevada Department of Public Safety, Division of Emergency Management/Homeland Security

Contact: Paul Burke, Preparedness Section Supervisor, Search and Rescue Coordinator
(775) 687-0423

The Nevada Department of Public Safety coordinates efforts to protect lives and property, and to prevent, respond to, recover from and mitigate all threats, hazards and emergencies.


New Hampshire Department of Education
101 Pleasant St.
Concord, NH 03301-3860
(603) 271-3494

Contact: Marjorie Schoonmaker, School Safety and Facility Management, Public Information Office
(603) 271-3620

The Department of Education offers a wide variety of programs and services in support of New Hampshire’s students, teachers, educators, administrators, families and community members.


New Jersey Department of Education
c/o NJ Office of Homeland Security & Preparedness
P.O. Box 091
Trenton. NJ 08691
(609) 631-4531

Contact: Ben Castillo, Office of School Preparedness & Emergency Planning, New Jersey Department of Education

OSPEP protects the health, safety and welfare of the school population by providing direct support to New Jersey’s schools in establishing safe and secure school environments and by increasing their capacity to respond in the event of crisis. The unit provides support to schools to assist them with the establishment and maintenance of a school safety and security plan that addresses all hazards and follows the phases of crisis management planning (prevention, preparedness, response and recovery). To achieve these goals, OSPEP operates in conjunction with the New Jersey State Police, New Jersey Domestic Security Preparedness Task Force and New Jersey Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness.
Safer Schools for a Better Tomorrow


New Mexico Public Education Department, School and Family Support Bureau
120 S. Federal Place, Rm. 206
Santa Fe, NM 87501
(505) 827-1804

Contact: Kristine Meurer, Ph.D., Director
5600 Eagle Rock Ave., Rm. 201
Albuquerque, NM 87113
(505) 222-4748


New York State Safe Schools Against Violence in Education, New York State Education Department
P. O. Box 7346
Albany, NY 12224
(518) 474-3852

The New York State Education Department is committed to promoting safe learning environments where students and teachers work collaboratively in pursuit of academic excellence and social and emotional growth. The department provides safety resources and guidance to school officials about the Safe Schools Against Violence in Education (SAVE) Act. It also provides a guidance document for the completion of school safety plans. The information is especially useful for school administrators and others concerned about school safety.

New York State Safe Schools Initiative

The mission of the New York State Safe Schools Initiative is to help schools across the state implement effective school safety strategies and plans to enhance emergency preparedness. The state is also committed to assisting schools by educating them on valuable ways to foster good communication among school staff, students and law enforcement agencies. The strategies and plans as well as the cooperative relationships will allow schools to better identify and address the needs and concerns of our school students, creating environments where students can learn, grow and thrive.

New York State Safe Schools Against Violence in Education
New York State Education Department
P. O. Box 7346
Albany, NY 12224
(518) 474-3852 r

The New York State Education Department is committed to promoting safe learning environments where students and teachers work collaboratively in pursuit of academic excellence and social and emotional growth. The department provides safety resources and guidance to school officials about the Safe Schools Against Violence in Education (SAVE) Act. It also provides a guidance document for the completion of school safety plans. The information is especially useful for school administrators and others concerned about school safety.


North Carolina Department of Public Safety, North Carolina Center for Safer Schools
3010 Hammond Business Place, Bldg. One
Raleigh, NC 27630,002476,002689 Safety/resources/

Contact: Kym Martin, Executive Director
(919) 436-3099
Toll-free: (855) 819-8381

The Center for Safer Schools, housed in the Department of Public Safety, serves as the state’s primary point of contact on issues dealing with school safety and the prevention of youth violence. The Center for Safer Schools provides a one-stop shop for school safety information and customer services to schools, law enforcement, youth-serving agencies, juvenile justice officials, community leaders, policymakers, parents and students.

The N.C. Center for Safer Schools
The N.C. Center for Safer Schools, housed in the N.C. Department of Public Safety, serves as the state's primary point of contact on issues dealing with school safety and the prevention of youth violence.

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction
301 N. Wilmington St.
Raleigh, NC 27601
(919) 807-3300 Safety

Contact: Ken Gattis, School Safety Coordinator


North Dakota Department of Public Instruction, Safe and Healthy Schools
600 E. Boulevard Ave., Dept. 201
Bismarck, ND 58505-0440
(701) 328-2260

Contact: Valerie Fisher
(701) 328-4138

The vision of Safe and Healthy Schools is that all students achieve their maximum education and social potential in a healthy and safe school and community environment. Its mission is to promote academic achievement and improved life skills for all students by working through partnerships to ensure all students are safe with the skills to be healthy, resourceful and engaged in learning. Families, schools and communities support students to have the information needed to nurture their healthy development.


Ohio Department of Education, School Safety and Safety Plans, Center for P-20 Safety and Security
25 S. Front St.
Columbus, OH 43215-4183
(877) 644-6338

In 2013, the Center for P-20 Safety and Security was formed as a collaborative effort between the Ohio Board of Regents and the Ohio Department of Education to create safe and supportive learning environments and respond to violence and its causes in educational settings throughout Ohio. Center personnel focus on school climate, safety, security and emergency management concerns in the K-12 and higher education environments, providing guidance and direction to promote physically safe and emotionally secure environments for students, educators and staff.

Ohio Department of Public Safety

Contact: Rick Zwayer
Executive Director
Ohio Homeland Security
1970 W. Broad St.
Columbus, OH
(614) 644-1002

Oklahoma Department of Homeland Security, Oklahoma School Safety Institute
P.O. Box 11415
Oklahoma City, OK 73136

Contact: Kim Carter, Director
(405) 425-7276

Contact: Jennifer Newell, Program Manager
(405) 425-7299

Acting under direction of the state legislature, the Department of Homeland Security formed the School Safety Institute. The purpose of the Institute is to develop school safety and violence prevention training programs and to encourage the implementation of school security pre-plans and strategies to prevent and mitigate violent incidents in schools within Oklahoma.


Oregon Safe Schools & Communities Coalition
P.O. Box 80604
Portland, OR 97280
(503) 954-4865

Our work supports community efforts to reduce youth suicide and other risk behaviors in the often hidden and historically underserved gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender youth population. Although the primary focus of OSSCC is sexual orientation and gender identity issues, we recognize the harm caused by harassment, violence and discrimination of any kind.

The OSSCC seeks a large and diverse coalition membership in order to build the kind of statewide visibility and support needed to achieve its mission. OSSCC members represent a broad cross-section of public and private organizations in Oregon. Membership is open to any organization, school district, agency, faith community, business or individual that supports the mission of the Coalition. We strive to collaborate with all organizations and individuals working for a safe and equitable society.


Pennsylvania Department of Education, Office of Safe Schools
333 Market St., Fifth Fl.
Harrisburg, PA 17126-0333
(717) 705-0353

Contact: Michael J. Kozup, Director

The Safe Schools Office coordinates school safety and security programs, collection of the annual school violence statistics, coordination of antiviolence efforts and development of policies and strategies to combat school violence. The office supports and provides technical assistance and professional development programs in the following areas and security-related activities to support school safety: crisis intervention, school police training, violence prevention and social/emotional wellness.

Center for Schools and Communities
275 Grandview Ave., Ste. 200
Camp Hill, PA 17011
(717) 763-1661

Contact: Lynn Cromley, Director
(717) 763-1661, ext. 111

Since 1988, the Center for Schools and Communities has been committed to improving outcomes for children and families through training, technical assistance, program evaluation, research and resource development. The Center’s work focuses on prevention and intervention initiatives operated by schools, organizations and agencies serving children, youth and families.
Center for Schools and Communities’ staff has diverse backgrounds in education, human services, community development and the law, as well as specialized skills and experience in program development and design, evaluation, training and resource development. This combination of education and experience has enabled the Center to provide customized technical assistance to support the development of innovative programs in schools and communities.


Rhode Island Emergency Management Agency, Rhode Island School Safety Program
645 New London Ave.
Cranston, RI 02902
(401) 946-9996 Safety/index.php

Contact: Melinda Hopkins, NFIP Planner/School Coordinator
(401) 462-7141

Contact: Stephen Conard, MPA, CEM, Training Support Specialist
(401) 462-7102

The Rhode Island School Safety Program works to coordinate emergency planning and training, develop standardized safety guidelines, and promote preparedness and situational awareness for any type of disaster or emergency that might occur in a Rhode Island school. REIMA works closely with the Rhode Island Department of Education and the Rhode Island State Police, as well as other state and local safety officials to ensure the continued safety and well -being of students.


South Carolina Association of School Resource Officers
P.O. Box 290969
Columbia, SC 29229

Contact: Zina Harper, President
SCASRO promotes and facilitates training and communication between school resource officers, school district personnel and community organizations. It serves as a resource for officers and educators who dedicate themselves to providing a safe and nurturing environment for students and staff within communities.


South Dakota Department of Education, Safe, Drug and Gun Free Schools
800 Governors Dr.
Pierre, SD 57501
(605) 773-3134


Tennessee Safe and Supportive Schools

Contact: Kimberly Daubenspeck
(615) 532-0469

Contact: Mike Herrmann, Director
(615) 741-3248

Contact: Pat Conner, Associate Executive Director
Associate Executive Director
(615) 741-3248

The Center for School Safety assists schools and local communities in establishing safe and disciplined learning environments. Center activities include training and technical assistance, grants administration and data collection.


Texas School Safety Center at Texas State University
415 N. Guadalupe, Ste. 140, PMB 164
San Marcos, TX 78666
(877) 304-2727 (toll-free)
(512) 245-8082
Contact: Kathy Martinez-Prather, Director

TxSSC is an official university-level research center at Texas State University, a member of the Texas State University System. TxSSC is tasked in Chapter 37 of the Texas Education Code with key school safety initiatives and mandates that include planning, training and drilling, as well as being included in the Governor’s Homeland Security Strategic Plan. Toward this aim, TxSSC serves as the central location for the dissemination of safety and security information, including research, training and technical assistance for K-12 schools and junior colleges throughout Texas. Specifically, the Center provides universal and regional services to students, educators, administrators, campus-based law enforcement, community organizations, state agencies and colleges/universities in an effort to increase safety and security in Texas schools. In addition, TxSSC also builds partnerships among youth, adults, schools, law enforcement officers and community stakeholders to reduce the impact of tobacco on all Texans through prevention, training and enforcement initiatives.


Be Ready Utah, Division of Emergency Management
P.O. Box 141710
1110 State Office Bldg.
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-1710
(801) 538-3400

Contact: Jeff Johnson, Division Director

Be Ready Utah offers a planning guide, an emergency checklist, emergency planning kit and other materials to assist schools with emergency planning.


Vermont Agency of Education
219 N. Main St., Ste. 402
Barre, VT 05641
(802) 479-1030

Contact: Rob Evans, School Security Liaison Officer, Vermont Agency of Education and Department of Public Safety

Passed by the Legislature in 2000, Act 113 (the Safe Schools Bill), addresses the importance of providing safe and healthy learning environments for all Vermont students. Among its many provisions, the law clarifies disciplinary procedures in cases in which a student’s misconduct directly harms the welfare of a school. It also strengthens criminal laws regarding possession of weapons on school property or buses, and directs the Secretary of Education to develop teacher training programs that address disruptive student behavior.

Act 120, also passed in 2000, focuses on school hazing and harassment policies and created a school quality standard that evaluates schools on their ability to provide safe, civil, orderly and positive learning environments. Per Act 129 of 2012, the Secretary of Education established an advisory council to provide advice and recommendations on harassment, hazing and bullying prevention strategies and resources, and to coordinate statewide activities related to the prevention of and response to harassment, hazing and bullying.


Virginia Center for School and Campus Safety, Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services
1100 Bank St.
Richmond, VA 23219
(804) 786-4000

Contact: Donna Michaelis, Manager, School and Campus Safety
(804) 371-6506

The Virginia Center for School and Campus Safety (VCSCS), located within the DCJS Division of Law Enforcement, reflects Virginia’s commitment to providing safe and productive learning environments for all students and staff in our schools today. VCSCS is a resource and training center for information and research about national and statewide school safety efforts and initiatives.


School Safety Center
Old Capitol Building
P.O. Box 47200
Olympia, WA 98504-7200
(360) 725-6000

The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) is the primary agency charged with overseeing K-12 public education in Washington State. Led by State School Superintendent Randy Dorn, OSPI works with the state’s 295 school districts to administer basic education programs and implement education reform on behalf of more than one million public school students.

The School Safety Center provides resources to districts and schools to help in the development of high-quality emergency operations and safety plans. Feeling safe is fundamental for a positive learning environment. RCW 28A.320.125 requires all public school districts and public schools to have current school safety plans and procedures in place. The School Safety Center is a component of Secondary Education and works in close collaboration with Student Support. In addition, regularly scheduled meetings of the School Safety Advisory Committee complement our commitment to keeping all students safe at school each and every day.

Washington School Safety Organization
P.O. Box 127
Stanwood, WA 98292

Contact: John Guidice, President

WSSO is an organization comprised of school administrators, school security officers, DARE officers, GREAT officers and school resource officers. Its goal is to unite law enforcement, security professionals and educators to develop effective community partnerships. With a strong network of experts who share this goal, and through advanced specialized training, WSSO can ensure the safety of our schools, students and staff.


West Virginia Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, School Safety & Vulnerability Project
1900 Kanawha Blvd. East
Charleston, WV 25305
(304) 558-5380

Contact: James A. “Tony” Domingo

Public schools in West Virginia are becoming safer and more secure as school districts across the nation strive to protect children in the wake of the tragic shootings in Connecticut. While West Virginia has worked diligently to improve school safety since the law’s passage six years ago, the deaths of 20 elementary students and six teachers at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., in December 2012 have many re-examining school safety. Much of the fund money spent to date in West Virginia has paid for various safety measures, including keyless entries, locking mechanisms on doors and the numbering of rooms. In addition to digital mapping, all new schools will have panic buttons that when pushed lock down the building and dial 911.


Wisconsin School Safety Coordinators Association
5821 S. 19th St.
Milwaukee, WI 53221-5008

Contact: Peter Pochowski, Executive Director
(414) 559-7487

WSSCA, founded in 1968, is an association of professionals dedicated to the task of improving security, safety and health in Wisconsin schools. WSSCA is a nonprofit and non-government organization that includes administrators, supervisors, teachers, building and grounds personnel, health and nursing personnel, safety coordinators, security coordinators, school resource officers and school districts, as well as private/public businesses through district, corporate and student memberships. The business of the association is conducted by a 13-member board with an executive director. This group is further guided by several technical advisors with professional backgrounds in a variety of school safety and security-related fields.


Wyoming Office of Homeland Security, School Safety and Security Task Force
5500 Bishop Blvd., East Door
Cheyenne, WY 82002
(307) 777-4663

Schools are faced with ongoing challenges for a much broader range of emergency situations. Districts, schools and law enforcement must have a comprehensive, cooperative plan that outlines response, not only to severe weather and natural disasters, chemical accidents and medical emergencies, but also to campus violence or active shooter threats.

The health and welfare of students and school staff in crisis situations is dependent on sound emergency preparedness. It is important that schools and first responders be aware of potential threats and be prepared to manage them should they occur. Acting to address these issues, Governor Matt Mead established a task force to study and provide insight on the status of school safety and security in Wyoming schools.

Wyoming Department of Education, Student & Facilities Safety
2300 Capitol Ave.
Hathaway Building, Second Fl.
Cheyenne, WY 82002-2060
(307) 777-7690

Contact: Bruce Hayes, Education Consultant - School Safety
(307) 777-6198

The Wyoming Department of Education provides technical assistance to schools on matters including, but not limited to, safety systems, security, bullying, pesticides, indoor air quality, terrorism, mold, playgrounds and area hazardous materials. The department administers and writes applicable contracts for the state’s anonymous tip line, and is currently handling the transition of the federal Title IV funds from a formula program to a competitive format. It also facilitates legislation on anti-bullying efforts and coordinates closely with the State Office of Homeland Security and other agencies to create safer schools via the School Safety Committee. The department conducts statewide school safety workshops, edits and updates the legislatively required “Wyoming School Facilities Hazardous Materials Guidelines,” and researches and provides relevant material on the school safety section of the K-12 website.


  • Appropriate and Effective Use of Security Technologies in U.S. Schools (1999). Produced by NIJ, this guide will help school administrators and their colleagues in law enforcement analyze a school's vulnerabilities.
  • ASTRO – Active Shooter Training for the Responding Officer, produced by NIJ, is a Windows-based simulation tool that allows a law enforcement officer to be immersed in active shooter scenarios. The law enforcement officer must make decisions and act on those decisions to bring an end to the threat. Send an email to to request a copy.
  • Request a copy of the latest version of the Field Search software, which provides SROs with a free yet powerful tool to quickly and efficiently search a school-owned laptops/tablets that may have been used by students outside of policies against viewing/downloading certain banned images/music, or for accessing social media. More information can be found at
  • It Can Happen Here (2009), produced by the NIJ Weapons and Protective Systems Technology Center of Excellence, is a documentary designed to inform and compel audiences of school safety stakeholders to prepare for man-made and natural emergencies. This video also provides resources needed to develop a new school safety plan, and to assess and improve existing plans through relationship building and technology.
  • The Role of Technology in Improving K-12 School Safety, synthesizes the key challenges associated with keeping public schools safe and the current state of safety practices and technology solutions. Although the focus is on K–12 public schools, the needs and available technologies are applicable to private schools as well. This research was funded by the National Institute of Justice and conducted by the RAND Corporation.
  • School Safe is a free app from the NLECTC System, with availability limited to qualified school safety resource officers (SROs) and school administrators. The app is available for iOS and Android devices. Visit to get your access code to download the app and start your safety assessment.
  • States’ Roles in Keeping Schools Safe: Opportunities and Challenges for State School Safety Centers and Other Actors (2017). This NIJ report includes information shared at a two-day NIJ state school safety meeting that included representatives from 20 states. The report provides a better understanding of the role of state school safety representatives, their priorities and challenges.
  • Summary of School Safety Statistics (2017). Produced by NIJ, this report contains data collected by researchers as well as federal agencies, including the Department of Education and Department of Justice. It examines several common beliefs pertaining to school safety statistics and provides evidence to support or dispel each of them.
  • Triple Play School Safety Combo. This CD-ROM from the NLECTC System contains "A Critical Incident: What to Do in the First 20 Minutes,” a 25-minute video produced by the North Carolina Office of the Attorney General and the U.S. Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s Center for the Prevention of School Violence; "School Crime Operations Package (School COP),” a software application for entering, analyzing and mapping incidents that occur in and around schools; and "School Critical Incident Planning – Generator (SCIP-G),” a tool that provides step-by-step guidance for creating a plan, using the most widely accepted law enforcement practices and procedures as the foundation.Send an email to to request a copy.

TechBeat Articles

  • "Early Warning for Campus Emergencies" (Winter 2009). The THOR-8L, a new long-range directed acoustic device developed at Penn State University, can be heard, clearly and distinctly, three-quarters of a mile away from the broadcast site.
  • "Managing Gangs in Schools" (Winter 2012). Gang activity in the United States is unlimited in its reach. It cuts across urban, suburban and rural jurisdictions and filters into schools.
  • "Popular Video Educates on School Safety" (Summer 2011). According to the co-producers of It Can Happen Here, this documentary puts a face on school safety by informing and encouraging stakeholders in school safety to prepare for emergencies. Safety.pdf (See also entry for It Can Happen Here under NIJ/NLECTC Products.)
  • "Proactive Planning for Active Shooter Situations" (Spring 2011). This article describes how a Pennsylvania police department has crafted a program to educate community organizations such as schools and hospitals to prepare in the event the unthinkable happens: a gunman in their midst.
  • "Rapid Responder Fills in the Blind Spots" (Summer 2008). This article details how the Claremont (Calif.) Police Department uses Rapid Responder, an interactive planning tool, to help with plans to make area schools safer.
  • "School Safety: Helping Law Enforcement and Communities Meet the Challenges of a Modern School Day," March/April 2014

  • "SCORMAP Gets High Marks" (Spring 2004). This article describes SCORMAP, a mapping software program that uses geographic information systems (GIS) and computer assisted drawing (CAD) technologies to put detailed information at school administrators’ fingertips. Its objective is not only to promote school safety but also to help administrators, school resource officers and local law enforcement in emergencies.
  • "Tool Provides Information Access for Emergency Response" (Winter 2011). The Kansas City Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) Region, with the Kansas City (Mo.) Police Department serving as the lead agency, produced the Asset Protection and Response System, a sophisticated Internet-based program that can be accessed from desktops, police cruisers and PDAs/smartphones. The initiative plans to willingly share the tool with other departments at no charge.
  • "8,000 Free School COPs and Counting" (Spring 2007). Designed for everyday use, School COP enables SROs, SRO supervisors, school administrators and security officers to track activities and plan coverage. (See also the entry for Triple Play School Safety Combo under NIJ/NLECTC Products.)


For-Profit Resources

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

  • The Alice Training Institute (Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate) offers training based on a set of proactive strategies aimed at increasing chances of survival during an armed intruder event. ALICE has been adopted by more than 900 organizations in the United States, including schools, universities, businesses, hospitals and places of worship.
  • Awareity emphasizes a prevention approach that focuses on awareness of surroundings and situations, and accountability at the individual level for reporting and following procedures. It includes resources dedicated to student safety and equipping schools with the tools needed to prevent incidents such as bullying, peer-to-peer violence and suicide.
    (See "Anonymous Reporting and Prevention Platform Helps Stop Trouble Before It Starts” in Success Stories)
  • Bark is a parental software tool powered by advanced technology that proactively alerts parents to common dangers, including cyberbullying, sexting, Internet predators, depression and suicidal thoughts, then provides expert recommendations on how to address these issues. Bark partners with schools to help spread the word about this online safety solution to parents, and the company provides an ongoing 25 percent revenue share of family membership fees generated by a school's efforts. Find out more at
  • ClassGuard™ Privacy Screens are a UL-listed pull down shade that blocks all light and vision into a room.  Add this to existing wood or steel door or sidelights in minutes without tools.  Include ClassGuard as part of your emergency-preparedness program for sheltering-in-place, without compromising the fire-listing on the door.  For more information:
  • Classroom Killers? Hallway Hostages?, written by school safety and crisis preparedness expert Ken Trump, dispels the myths, misconceptions and hype surrounding the lessons learned from national school violence crises and shifting security threat trends.
  • Direct Action Resource Center offers a tactical emergency medical training program.
  • e-Copp is an Internet safety education program that involves schools, local law enforcement, parents, children and the community in promoting safe use of the Internet and online resources. Visit
  • Firearms Training Systems, Inc. (FATS) Simulator includes school shooter scenarios.
  • The Handbook for Campus Threat Assessment & Management Teams, provides resources to help colleges and universities develop the structure, scope, functions, and day-to-day operations of these teams that identify and monitor students who may intervention due to their behaviors.
  • Hide-Away™ Safe Rooms are folding, rapidly deployable shelters that can provide sanctuary for a teacher and up to 25 students. Built to withstand F5 tornadoes and military-grade weapons, these collapsible units fold down to 17 inches in depth and can be installed behind a whiteboard.
  • Ident-A-Kid has provided child identification and visitor management solutions to schools across the nation for over 30 years. Ident-A-Kid’s Visitor Management system will track all visitor, volunteer, staff and student activity at your school and district. Our software will scan all visitors against the National Sexual Offender Registry, as well as your custom banned/custody issue (NoGo) list, to secure your campus from visitors who do not need access to your students and faculty.
  • Pearson-Radli Training Programs include school crisis situations, negotiations, hostage survival and crisis intervention training.
  • Rave MobileSafety produces a panic button app that allows silent communication.
    (See "Panic Button App Allows Silent Communication” in Success Stories)
  • Report Exec is a software suite that takes care of incident reports, mass notification, visitor management, bullying reports and more. As users complete activities within the system, they generate valuable data to build an informed security strategy. In-depth analysis features harness this data to pinpoint weaknesses, identify at-risk individuals and spot trends in activity.


  • University of Missouri – Columbia – Law Enforcement Training offers training related to school safety.
  • The University of Southern Mississippi hosts the National Center for Sports Spectator Safety and Security offers training, professional development opportunities and academic programs for sport venue managers, event managers, first responders and other key stakeholders. The Certified Sport Venue Staff (CSVS) certification was designed for front line staff critical to the safety and security of sports and special events, and for individuals seeking CSVS certification prior to employment. Visit

Nonprofit Organizations

  • 32 National Campus Safety Initiative, a program of the VTV Family Outreach Foundation, empowers college and university campus communities to make informed decisions about campus safety. Resources include a free self-assessment survey tool for institutions of higher education to use in conducting an objective analysis of a full range of institutional safety and security facilities, policies and procedures.
  • AlertID is a free app that allows registered users to view alerts and other information about their selected neighborhoods. Visit for more information and to register.
    (See “AlertID Partners With Law Enforcement to Promote Safety” in Success Stories.)
  • The American Red Cross offers school safety tips, mainly covering transportation to and from school, at
  • Campus Answers provides diversity training and content on a variety of higher education issues including bullying sexual harassment.
  • Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) training, offered through the National Association of School Resource Officers, provides instruction on using design, management and activity strategies to reduce opportunities for crime to occur, to reduce fear and to improve overall safety of schools. The CPTED concept emphasizes the relationship of the physical environment, the productive use of space and the behavior of people. The course includes a hands-on CPTED evaluation of a school and attendees receive tools to use on their school campus.
    (See "In-depth School Safety Audits” in Success Stories)
  • The Cyberbullying Research Center includes presentations for use by staff and students, information on bullying and sexting laws, and resources based on age group.
  • Educator School Safety Network helps keep schools safe by providing training, services and resources to educators, administrators, school-based law enforcement emergency responders and other stakeholders.
  • Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility: Visit the site at
  • The Koshka Foundation for Safe Schools, a nonprofit dedicated to improving campus safety, empowering student activism and forging connections between survivors and various causes, was founded by Virginia Tech survivor Kristina Anderson. The Koshka Foundation also partners with law enforcement, in particular campus law enforcement, to provide educational presentations on surviving an active shooter from a survivor's perspective, and best practices in incorporating lessons learned. Visit at
  • National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians (NAEMT) offers a number of continuing education courses, including training specific to the needs of law enforcement officers.
    (See "Course Teaches Officers How to Administer Aid, Improve Survival” in Success Stories)
  • National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC) is a source of information on crime prevention. Several educational materials deal with school safety and related issues.
    (See "McGruff Turns to Technology" in Success Stories)
  • National School Safety Center (NSSC) provides training, technical assistance and school safety site assessments, and targets both law enforcement professionals and educators. http://www.School
  • National White Collar Crime Center, using U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance funding, offers a number of trainings, including training related to school safety.
    (See "NW3C Helps SROs Find a Place in ‘Communities’ ” in Success Stories)
  • Not In Our Town is a movement to stop hate, address bullying and build safe, inclusive communities. The NIOT website contains information on how to start a campaign and resources on diversity, inclusion, hazing and mental health.
  • Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium (RDPC) provides training and resources for emergency first responders with an emphasis on rural areas. RDPC offers AWR 148 Crisis Management for School-based Incidents: Partnering Rural Law Enforcement and Local School Systems at
    (See "Finding Ways to Maximize Limited Resources” in Success Stories)
  • Safe and Sound: A Sandy Hook Initiative, started by the community surrounding Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., offers a model school safety program and tools to implement it, along with discussion forums, training tools and exercises, and a newsletter.
  • Safe Havens International is committed to helping schools and school systems improve crisis preparedness and campus safety, working with schools on national and international levels in planning, coordinating and evaluating a wide range of school crisis simulations.

Free Resource Materials

  • 015 Campus Safety Survey Key Findings Report presents the results of an anonymous online survey conducted by the National Center for Campus Public Safety in spring 2015. It assesses the current state of campus public safety and confirms findings from the field and information found in other recently released reports. Download the PDF at
  • A Comprehensive Report on School Safety Technology, prepared by Johns Hopkins University with funding from the National Institute of Justice, by Johns Hopkins University, presents a detailed picture of existing school safety technology at a particular point in time. The report examines the technologies currently being used, how they are used and how those technologies were chosen. Read more at
  • A Comprehensive Technical Package for the Prevention of Youth Violence and Associated Risk Behaviors, produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, uses evidence-based strategies to help prevent or reduce public health problems, particularly youth violence, among 10- to 24-year olds, and supports the CDC's STRYVE (Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere) Initiative for preventing youth violence. Download it from
  • A National Conversation on Police and Community Interactions: Findings of a Forum of College and University Student Leaders and Chiefs of Police reports on a two-day August 2016 forum that involved in-depth discussions between student leaders and their police chiefs/campus safety executives representing 20 colleges and universities. The event identified gaps in perception between students and public safety at institutions of higher education and helped build a framework to help the campus community bridge those gaps. Download the report at
  • A National Conversation on Police and Community Interactions on HBCU Campuses reports on the results of a two-day emerging issues forum that involved in-depth discussions between student leaders and their police chiefs/safety directors. Available at,  it includes an overview of participants' discussions regarding gaps in perception between students and public safety officials, and identifies recommendations to assist in bridging those gaps.
  • A Study of Active Shooter Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013,available at, provides research into 160 active shooter incidents in the United States during that time period.
  • Be Her Resource: A Toolkit About School Resource Officers and Girls of Color, produced by the Georgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality and the National Black Women’s Justice Institute, presents findings and recommendations from focus groups and interviews conducted with SROs and girls of color in the South. Available for download at
  • 2015 Campus Safety Survey Key Findings Report presents the results of an anonymous online survey conducted by the National Center for Campus Public Safety in spring 2015. It assesses the current state of campus public safety and confirms findings from the field and information found in other recently released reports. Download the PDF at
  • Active Shooter: How to Respond (October 2008). Because active shooter situations are often over within 10 to 15 minutes (before law enforcement arrives on the scene), individuals must be prepared both mentally and physically to deal with an active shooter situation.
  • Attention Students and Staff, a training tool created by a partnership between the Village of Gurnee Police Department, Woodland School District 50 and the Television Department of Columbia College in Chicago, can be ordered at no charge by law enforcement agencies, public safety agencies and educational institutions across the United States and the world. This video was put together by a group of more than 60 volunteers, including acting/film/TV industry professionals, educators, law enforcement professionals, and college and middle school students. View the trailer at and email or call (847) 599-7080 to order.
    (See "Volunteers Come Together to Produce Free Training Video” in Success Stories)
  • Best Practices for NCAA Championships Competition Venue Safety and Security, a free online resource guide, offers tips about threat assessment and venue security that can apply to any large-scale athletic competition. Read it at
  • The Biological and Psychosocial Effects of Peer Victimization: Lessons for Bullying Prevention, a 19-page pdf document describes a study on the state of the science on biological and psychosocial consequences of peer victimization from early childhood through adolescence, as well as the risk and protective factors that either increase or decrease peer victimization behavior and consequences. This report is the result of an NIJ-funded project but is produced by the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. You can download the report from
  • Bullying in Schools: An Overview (February 2011). This bulletin provides an overview of studies funded by Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention, a summary of the researchers’ findings, and recommendations for policy and practice.
  • Bus-Ted is Tennessee's broken bus safety system, a website for parents to help them keep their kids safe on school buses.  Although primarily for residents of Tennessee, the site has general information on school bus safety.
  • Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Institutions of Higher Education, jointly produced by the FBI, the U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education in the aftermath of the Virginia Tech massacre in 2007, presents research on targeted violence in institutions of higher education. It provides an overview of various incidents, discusses initial observations regarding behaviors of the subjects and offers preliminary considerations regarding the data that may have relevance to threat assessment.
  • Campus-Community Policing at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A Guidebook for Law Enforcement and Community Representatives, produced by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office) in 2009, is a road map for historically black colleges and universities (HBCU) and law enforcement agencies to reduce violent crime and drug use on HBCU campuses and the surrounding communities by increasing community engagement and strengthening relations between police and community members. The model is designed to help HBCUs and law enforcement establish functional partnerships in their own communities. Download the file at
  • Campus Security Guidelines: Recommended Operational Policies for Local and Campus Law Enforcement Agencies, a 2009 publication of the U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance and the Major Cities Chiefs Association, contains campus security guidelines in the areas of policies and agreements, prevention and preparedness, coordinated response and after action.
    The content is based on surveys sent to campus public safety departments and every MCCA member city. Available at
  • Community-Based Approaches to Prevention, reports on the 2014 National Summit on Preventing Multiple Casualty Violence convened by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, Johns Hopkins University and the Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers following the Aurora (Colo.) theater shooting. You can download the full report from
  • Comparison of Program Activities and Lessons Learned Among 19 School Resource Officer (SRO) Programs (March 2005). This National Institute of Justice funded document reports the results of a national assessment of SRO programs conducted through a cooperative agreement.
  • Components of Comprehensive School and School District Emergency Management Plans (2007). According to this U.S. Department of Education publication, to ensure the safety of students, faculty and staff, schools and school districts nationwide should create comprehensive, multihazard management plans that focus on the four phases of emergency management—prevention-mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
  • Cyber Bullying: The Complete Resource Guide takes a thorough look at characteristics of bullies and bullying, types of cyber bullying and what law enforcement officers can do to protect victims and prevent bullying. Available at
  • Defending Childhood: Report of the Attorney General’s National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (2012) offers recommendations for communities dedicated to reducing and/or ending children’s exposure to violence.
  • The Essential Teen Internet Safety Guide can be downloaded from It includes tips for parents on monitoring social media activity, addressing cyberbullying and using email, IM and chat safely.
  • Fire Safety: Before, During and After a Fire in Your Home, a web page created as part of a student safety education project, offers a number of useful fire safety tips that apply to schools as well as homes, including planning escape routes, the dangers of smoke exposure, how to stop, drop and roll if your clothing catches on fire, and how and when to use a fire extinguisher. Visit to learn more.
  • First Responder Guidance for Improving Survivability in Improvised Explosive Device and/or Active Shooter Incidents  (June 2015). This first responder guidance from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the U.S> Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Justice, and Transportation, provides evidence-based response strategies based on best practices and lessons learned from civilian and military IED and/or active shooter incidents.
  • Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education, a June 2013 publication jointly prepared by the U.S. Departments of Education, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services; the Federal Emergency Management Agency; and the FBI, focuses on how institutions of higher learning can collaborate with their local government and community partners to plan for potential emergencies through the creation of a school Emergency Operations Plan.
  • Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans, a June 2013 publication jointly prepared by the U.S. Departments of Education, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services, the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the FBI,  focuses on how schools can collaborate with their local government and community partners to plan for potential emergencies through the creation of a school Emergency Operations Plan.
  • A Guide for Preventing and Responding to School Violence (2010). A joint publication of the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, this guide includes information on school violence prevention, threat assessment, crisis planning, major crisis response, dealing with the aftermath and media relations.
  • Guide to Social Media in Educational Environments, produced by the National Center for Campus Public Safety and Social Sentinel, provided those interested in the safety of a school district, college or university with insight into the use and impact of social media. The guide helps professionals learn about mainstream social media sites and apps most commonly used among teens and college-age adults. It includes a variety of social media and online safety tips to share with the community.
  • Handbook for Campus Safety and Security Reporting, 2016 Edition, from the U.S. Department of Education, helps colleges and universities lay the proper foundation for complying with the Clery Act and other Higher Education Act safety- and security-related reporting requirements. This revised edition updates and addresses the 2014 amendments to the Clery Act. Download the file from
  • Implementing Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus: A Virginia Tech Demonstration Project describes several new models for enhancing safety and overall well-being, both for individuals at risk and for the community as a whole.
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety. The Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Center for Education Statistics release this report annually. It presents data on crime and safety in U.S. schools from the perspectives of students, teachers and administrators. Topics covered include victimization at school, teacher injury, bullying and cyber-bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, and student perceptions of personal safety at school.
  • Mass Victimization: Promising Avenues for Prevention focuses on seven promising prevention strategies focusing on threat assessment and proactive strategies to prevent mass victim incidents. The document was produced by the FBI in cooperation with a multi-agency collaborative.
  • NIOSH Safety Checklist Program for Schools and Other Safety Databases. This CD-ROM, produced in 2010 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, includes recommendations and checklists for establishing a safe schools program.
  • National Higher Education Emergency Management Needs Assessment (hot link to, identifies emergency management program needs at institutions of higher education. Results are based on a practitioner survey, and the report includes recommendations. This nationwide study was prepared by University of Oregon Community Service Center with funding from the National Center for Campus Public Safety, in partnership with the Disaster Resilient Universities® Network and the International Association of Emergency Managers-Universities and Colleges Caucus.
  • Operational Templates and Guidance for EMS Mass Incident Deployment, produced by the Federal Emergency Management Agency in June 2012, provides deployment templates, mass care coordination toolkits, policy guidance, sample mutual aid agreements and more.
  • Practical Information on Crisis Planning: A Guide for Schools and Communities (2007). Taking action now can save lives, prevent injury and minimize property damage in the moments of a crisis, and this guide emphasizes the importance of reviewing and revising school and district plans. Produced by the U.S. Department of Education.
  • Practitioners' Discussion of Implementing Clery/Title IX: Report on the Summit reports on summits held August 2014 and January 2015 to discuss compliance issues around Title IX and other related legislation including the Clery Act and the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), and look at promising practices. Summit sponsors were the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators, the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the National Center for Campus Public Safety (NCCPS).
  • Preparedness and Response to a Rural Mass Casualty Incident: Workshop Summary summarizes a workshop presented by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. It addresses rural mass casualty incidents and the significant and unique challenges experienced by those working in rural areas.
  • Preparing and Responding to Cyberbullying: Tips for Law Enforcement. This tip card, jointly prepared by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), includes more than 20 recommendations from subject-matter experts working in law enforcement, youth trauma, mental health, computer crimes, victim services and education. It provides guidance on cyberbullying prevention, preparation, response and investigation to law enforcement administrators and first responders. A copy of the tip card, in English or Spanish, is available on the IACP website at
  • Preventing Youth Violence: Opportunities for Action and a companion piece, Taking Action to Prevent Youth Violence, provide information and action steps to help stop youth violence before it starts. These materials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention discuss how all communities and all young people are affected by youth violence, which includes fights, bullying, threats with weapons, and gang-related violence, and how everyone can be involved in the fight against. Read more and access the download files at
  • Primer to Design Safe School Projects in Case of Terrorist Attacks and School Shootings produced by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate, Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division, provides the basic principles and techniques to make a school safe from terrorist attacks and school shootings,  and also ensure it is functional and aesthetically pleasing, and meets the needs of the students, staff, administration and general public.
  • Prior Knowledge of Potential School-Based Violence: Information Students Learn May Prevent a Targeted Attack (May 2008). The U.S. Secret Service Safe Schools Initiative examined several issues, including whether most school attacks are planned and what can be done to prevent attacks.
  • The Role of Technology in Improving K-12 School Safety Technology, prepared by the RAND Corporation with funding from the National Institute of Justice, presents information on technology needs as identified by practitioners. The report identifies 12 types of school safety technologies, including several areas with the potential for improving safety in U.S. schools. Download the report from
  • "Run. Hide. Fight. Surviving an Active Shooter Event,” an FBI training video, can be viewed at
  • School Resources and Violence Prevention: Part One ( and Part Two ( offers help to SROs and other LEOs working in kindergarten through 12th grade educational settings. Part one addresses considerations in establishing such a partnership, including potential challenges, and Part Two focuses on targeted violence prevention strategies.
  • Safety Savvy, available in both Apple and Android versions, is a free education resource for parents and guardians that encourages safe behaviors and can be accessed from the user’s phone. Available from Texas Center for the Missing at . (See "Safety Savvy Provides the Answers to Your Questions” in Success Stories.)
  • School Safety Tips and Prevention provides information for children and links to resources on violence prevention, bullying and drugs. Go to
  • Sexual Violence Prevention: An Athletics Tool Kit for a Healthy and Safe Culture, available for download at, provides resource-independent tools for athletics administrators in their efforts to create campus communities free of violence and safe places for students to learn and thrive.
  • Steps for Developing a School Emergency Management Plan (2007). The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools strongly encourages schools and school districts to develop emergency management plans within the context of the four phases of emergency management: prevention-mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. In addition, schools should collaborate closely with police, fire and emergency services personnel and community partners.
  • Student Safety Guide is an online HTML guide focusing on keeping safe on college campuses. It includes information on the Jeanne Clery Act, choosing a safe college, keeping safe while attending online classes and more. Visit
  • Suicide and Depression Awareness for Students is an online resource guide that includes resources, suicide warning signs, special populations at risk, and how to get help.
  • Surviving an Active Shooter, produced by the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, is a free online video that engages viewers in thinking and planning for their response to an active shooter event. Transcripts and links to educational resources are also available. Visit (See "Video Encourages Viewers to Plan for Survival” in Success Stories.)
  • The Higher Education Mental Health Alliance (HEMHA) recognized the need for a resource that would help both existing and new teams make informed decisions about their structure, scope, functions, and day-to-day operations. Higher Education Mental Health Alliance (HEMHA) Campus Teams Guide summarizes the existing literature on campus teams and suggests some of the key issues that should be considered when creating or managing a campus team. Updating and Maintaining School Emergency Management Plans (2007). Developing and implementing comprehensive, multihazard emergency management plans is an ongoing process that must be consistently reinforced and strengthened. Produced by the U.S. Department of Education.
  • Training Trigger: Integrated Response Operations in Active Shooter/Hostile Events, a June 2016 fact sheet from the Interagency Review Board, can be downloaded from
  • Violence Prevention in Schools, a new guide from the FBI, contains practical advice gathered from experienced school resource officers on how law enforcement, school and districts can work together to keep schools safe. Download the file from
  • What is the Supportive School Discipline Initiative? This brief from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention explains SSDI, a collaboration between the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice in coordination with OJJDP, the Department of Health and Human Services, and other federal partners. SSDI supports school discipline practices that foster safe, supportive and productive learning environments and keep students engaged in school and out of courts. The brief provides information about SSDI and features links to research, data collection, funding, and related resources, including the school discipline guidance package. Available for download at
  • "When Seconds Count,” produced by the Texas School Safety Center at Texas State University, is a free 20-minute video on preparing to deal with an active shooter situation. Available at

For-Profit Resource Materials

NLECTC provides links to the following materials as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These materials are available for a fee, and their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.


For-Profit Organizations

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

For-Profit Publications

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

  • A Practical Guide for Crisis Response in Our Schools - A Comprehensive Crisis Response Plan for School Districts (Fifth Edition), produced by School Crisis Response, is a step-by-step, color-coded guideline geared to each responder in order to provide the most expeditious response possible to any emergency.
  • Crisis Management Plans for Schools, produced by J. Berra Engineering, features strategies for preparedness and response for more than 40 different types of emergencies.

Free Resources


  • The National Center for School Crisis and Bereavement is dedicated to helping schools support their students through crisis and loss. Visit
  • National Education Association Health Information Network (NEA HIN) is a nonprofit health and safety organization closely aligned with the NEA. Its services include a free downloadable crisis resource guide, School Crisis Guide: Help and Healing in a Time of Crisis.
  • National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) provides information on victim assistance, how to get help, resources for victims/survivors and crisis response specialists as well as information on crisis intervention.
  • Law Enforcement Traumatic Stress: Clinical Syndromes and Intervention Strategies (1999). This article, published by the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress, focuses on traumatic stress and intervention strategies for law enforcement officers.